voice, tense & mood study guide audrey kieffer

active voice

active voice- transitive verb (action verb), subject is doing the action

you can always turn an active voice sentence into a passive voice sentence


1. I bought presents for my family.

2. We put up our Christmas tree.

3. I got out my Christmas decorations.

passive voice

passive voice- verb phrase, subject receives the action (has more than one verb or a verb phrase)


1. The presents were bought by me for my family.

2. The Christmas tree was put up by us.

3. The Christmas decorations were taken out by us.

progressive tense

progressive tense- form of the verb be and a present participle of the main verb (be + present participle)

forms of be: am, is, are, was, were, will be


Present Progressive- The reindeer are flying tonight.

Past Progressive- The reindeer were flying last night.

Future Progressive- The reindeer will be flying tomorrow night.

perfect tense

perfect tense- form of the verb have and past participle of the main verb (have + past participle)

forms of have: have, had, has, will have


Present Perfect- Santa has made toys for the boys and girls.

Past Perfect- Santa had made some of the same toys before.

Future Perfect- Santa will have made all the toys by Christmas Eve.

indicative mood

indicative mood- form of a verb, states a fact or asks a question


1. Do you like to make gingerbread houses?

2. I like to make gingerbread houses.

imperative mood

imperative mood- form of a verb, gives a command


1. Go bring the tree in.

2. Go get the ornaments.

3. Go get some cookies.

emphatic mood

emphatic mood- present: use do or does before base form of verb

past: use did before base form of verb

always followed by action verb

do not confuse with do, does, did auxiliary verbs


1. I do like Christmas cookies.

2. I did eat some of the cookies in the cookie jar.

subjunctive mood

subjunctive mood- express wish or desire, condition contrary to fact

past tense is used to state present wishes, desires, and conditions contrary to fact

past perfect: used to state past wishes, desires, and conditions contrary to fact


wish or desire- i wish

condition contrary to fact- If...would, could, should

demand or recommendations that express uncertainty after the words if or weather


demand after that- I must insist that your sister be home when we get the tree.

recommendation after that- i recommend that you buy a real evergreen Christmas tree.

uncertainty- weather you buy a real tree or a fake tree, i will still buy a real one.

wish / desire- I wish that Christmas was here already.

I wished I got the decorations out earlier.

contrary to fact- If it were December, I would hang up the stockings.

If it was snowing, we could have a white Christmas.


Created with images by laszlo-photo - "May Your Days Be Merry and Bright" • Alexas_Fotos - "christmas santa claus fig" • Heath Cajandig - "Only Chance of a White Christmas" • Squeek Photo - "reindeer" • Michel Curi - "HO! HO! HO!" • AdrianaMacias - "gingerbread house pastry gingerbread" • GlenFC - "DSCF4465" • jill111 - "christmas cookies gingerbread men christmas" • inov8d - "Christmas-Stockings-Peace.jpg"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.