Annotated bibliography

1. Mark Pimlott (2007). Without and within: essays on the interior. [online]. Episode publishers.

This book includes information about buildings designed by different architects, and the theories behind them. I read pages 30-38 which included a detailed description of 'The Radiant City' including sketches. This helped me understand the purpose of the different zones and how the city looked as a whole.

2.Oliver Wainright (2017). Streetfighter: how Jane Jacobs saved New York from Bulldozer Bob. [online]. The Guardian.

I chose to read this article as it discusses the protests that Jacobs had against Robert Moses' expressway. This helped me understand the differing ideologies on how a city should function. On one side Jacobs wants the city designed to improve the quality of life of people and the looks are not as important. Cities should grow and not be destroyed and rebuilt. Moses was fuelled my modernism and wanted to create a futuristic city for the new age.

3. jane Jacobs (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. [online]. Knopf Doubleday Publishing group.

'The Death and Life of Great American Cities' discusses the city planning of the 1950's and argues how it has failed and resulted in poverty. The book informs how cities work in "real life" and how we should plan them around this. The points that she makes contradict modernist city planners showing light on a new perspective.

4. Robert Kanignel (2016). How Philly Influenced Jane Jacobs. [online]. The Philadelphia Citizen.

I chose to use this article as one of my sources as it discusses Bacon showing Jacobs around the newly built Philadelphia. The article is an example of how cities influenced by 'the Radiant City' may be aesthetically pleasing but do not work as a functioning city.

Edmund Bacons

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5. James Hoston (1989). The Modernist City: An Anthropological Critique Of Brasilia. [online]. The University of Chicago Press.

This book discusses the building of modernist Brasilia and how Corbusier's theories have influenced the planning of the city. I thought this would be a useful example of 'the towers in the park' approach in city planning.


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6. Emily Badger (2012). The Evolution of Urban Planning in 10 Diagrams

Le Corbusier’s Radiant City, Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City, Andres Duany The Transect

This article has different theories and drawings that have shaped modernist architecture. This includes 'The Radient City' and other theories that incorporate the towers in the park and city grid approach.

7. Mary Mcleod (1983), pages 132-147. Architecture or revolution: Taylorism, technocracy, and social change. Source: Art journal, Vol. 43, No., revising Modernist History: The Architecture of the 1920s and 1930s. [online]. College Art Association.

This is a PDF of an extract of a book. The extract discusses taylorism and how this links to Corbusiers plans. ''Le Corbusier saw Taylorism as a mans of breaking with prewar society, a key to social renewal. The word ''Taylorism'' appears in almost every one of his books.''

8. Dr. Raed Al Tal (2012). Modern Architecture- CIAM. [online]. Jordan University of Science and Technology. College of Architecture and Design.

This is a slideshare presentation about CIAM. This was conferences by architects to discuss city planning and see ''architecture as a social art''. I chose to research into this as the architects shaped modern city planning.

9. Mardges Bacon (2001). Le Corbusier in America: Travels in the Land of the Timid. [online]. MIT press.

This book discusses Corbusier's visit to America. I read pages 128-137. The extract discusses how his visit to America advanced 'plan voisin' into the more developed 'radiant city' plan. He believed America was the most likely to accept his city planning ideas. I have show this in my essay as many American city planners are inspired by Corbusier.

10. Malcom Millais (2018). Le Corbusier, The Dishonest Architect. [online]. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

This book is a very critical review of Corbusier and how he has negativity impacted society. Whilst most sources I found praised Corbusier, this book saw him as unskilled. I used this book for research s it shows that Corbusiers towers in the park approach could never work as his design is just not correct. Therefore helping me develop my argument. ''His propaganda, seductive as it was to some, was based on fallacy and fantasy: taken seriously, it could only lead to disaster. It was taken seriously, and it did lead to disaster, a disaster that's ongoing''

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