Dante and Virgil encounter Cerberus in the third circle
The sinners lie in a wasteland of garbage and snow
The sinners serve as "food" for Cerberus who slobbers over them
- Dante recoils as he sees Cerberus whose “eyes are red” with his “belly swollen”, filled with the “rip[ped] wretches” he slobbered over (6.16-18).
Dante and Virgil meet Ciacco of Florence, also known as "Ciacco the Hog
Ciacco gives a political prophecy about the Black and White Guelfs
Circle Four: Hoarders and Wasters
Dante and Virgil meet Plutus as they travel to the fourth circle
As Plutus is taunting Dante and Virgil, Virgil tells Plutus to “choke back [his] bile and let its venom blister [his] own throat” because “[their] passage through [the] pit is willed on high”. This caused Plutus to collapse “into that dead clay” (7. 8-15).
Dante and Virgil see the hoarders and wasters at war with each other Both sides are pushing big weights towards one another
The sinners are reduced to an unrecognizable state
These sinners are “strain[ing] their chests against enormous weights” [7.26-27] and “rolled them at each other” [7.28] asking each other why they hoard and waste.
Virgil speaks about Dame Fortune
Circle Five: The Wrathful and Sullen
Virgil calls to Phylegas to help them cross the River Styx to Gate of Dis
In the river, Dante and Virgil sees the wrathful and sullen
The wrathful are attacking each other
The sullen live in bottom of swamp with no light
While crossing, Filippo Argenti, one of the wrathful, appears
When Dante sees Argenti’s figure being mangled in his punishment, he “to this day, pray and thank God on it” (8.57). Virgil welcomes this change by telling him “not one unbending graces [Argenti’s] memory (8.44-45).
Circle Six: Gates of Dis
Dante and Virgil come to the Gates of Dis
Virgil tries to persuade the Fallen Angels to let them into Dis
Upon meeting the Fallen Angels, even Virgil is unable to pass them, and Dante is despairing, “in doubt with yes and no dividing all [his] heart to hope and fear” (8.107-108).
Virgil is confident that “nothing can take [their] passage from [them]” so Dante must believe that Virgil “will not leave [him] to wander in [the] underworld alone” (8. 101-105).
However, Virgil is unsuccessful with this attempt
Virgil signals a “heavenly messenger” to open the gate for them