Brown v Board of Education By: Kylie Andrews

Lets get personal.... Name: Linda Brown, Birthdate: February 20 1942, Role: Child associated with the case Brown v. Board of Education

Summary: "Because she [Linda Brown] was forced to travel a significant distance to elementary school due to racial segregation, her father was one of the plaintiffs in the case of Brown v. Board of Education, with the Supreme Court ruling in 1954 that school segregation was unlawful"

Life before the case: Linda's parents were Leola and Oliver Brown, she had 2 younger sisters as well. She lived in an ethnically diverse neighborhood with her family. Linda had to walk across railroad tracks and take a bus to grade school, even though there was a school four blocks away from her home that she was not allowed to attend. This was because schools in Topeka were being racially segregated, they even had separate facilities for black and white children.

Directly before the case: In 1950 NAACP asked a group of black parents that included Oliver Brown to try to enroll their children in all-white schools, knowing that they would most likely be turned away. Oliver accepted and try to do this with Linda, a 3rd grader at the time, but was barred from being able to enroll at Summer Elementary. The plan was for the civil rights group to file a lawsuit on behalf of the 13 families, who represented different states. With Brown's name at the top of the alphabet, the case would be known as Brown v. Board of Education and be taken to Supreme Court. The lead attorney for this case was Thurgood Marshall.

Secondary aim for the case: The secondary aim for the case was to bring down the slogan set up by the 1896 decisionĀ of Plessy v. Ferguson, which created the slogan " separate but equal". In 1954 the case succeeded in bring down this aim when Supreme Court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs in Brown v. Board of Education, bringing the slogan " separate but equal" down. This happening helped the segregated, deprived Black children, experience a far more richer learning experience.

After the case: By the time of the case's ruling, Linda was in middle school, which had been integrated before the case ruling. Linda's family moved to Spring Field Missouri in 1959. Oliver Brown died two years later and the rest of the family moved back to Topeka . Linda attended Washburn and Kansas State Universities and had a family of her own.She went through a divorce and later became a widow after her second husband died. She eventually married William Thompson in the 1990's whom she had children and grandchildren with. She worked on the speaker circuit as an educational consultant. By the 1970's however Linda spoke about how she felt exploited by the amount of media attention because of the case, and she felt that they didn't see her as a human being but as a lofty historical figure. However she has continued to speak about segregation and even reopened the Topeka case in 1979, saying that the districts schools still weren't de-segregated. Soon it was ruled by the Court of Appeals in 1993 that the schools system was in fact still racially divided, and 3 new schools were built as part of the integration efforts.

Credits:

www.biography.com/people/linda-brown-21134187

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