The Age of Reason
The Scientific Method was put to use to examine and understand all aspects of nature. Nature is ordered and unchangeable laws govern nature.
Humans are naturally good, but ignorance, greed, and evil can corrupt them. They can be corrupted by one another.
Education is the means to reason.
Of Elephants And Roses
The American Philosophical Society Museum presented this exhibit in 2011 exploring natural history from post-revolutionary France between 1790 and 1830. The items on display of plants and animals from around the world helped to produce new scientific knowledge, improved agricultural productivity and diversity, and economic prosperity during this time in France. This exhibit helps to illustrate France's commitment to the spread of new ideas and education during the European Enlightenment.
Down with baroque, on to neoclassicism!
Artist: Goya (Francisco de Goya y Lucientes) is considered the most important Spanish artist of the late 18th an early 19th centuries. As an artist, Goya's work came to maturity during this time of enlightenment. Goya enjoyed royal patronage throughout his career beginning with the painting of 63 tapestry cartoons for two royal palaces. Tapestry weavers found one of his works, The Blind Guitarist, to be far too complex to weave and Goya was asked to simplify it.
While the Ottoman Empire was culturally separated from Europe, western influence is evident in Islamic art beginning in the 19th century. The Sultans during this time period built new palaces in western style along the Bosphorus which is the continental boundary between Europe and Asia.
Table Culture in the Ottoman Empire consisted of large quantities of food cooked in big cauldrons and served in large bowls. For those who could not come to eat food was sent in lunchboxes. Families then served their food on large trays set on the floor on wooden stands.