The U.S Constitution was written in 1787 and signed on September 17. It was supposed to form a new government that worked together and kept the expanding country unified. Some of the people who wrote and signed the document are James Madison, George Washington, Ben Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson. One main contributor to the actual forming of the constitution was James Madison. He worked very hard in making sure that the larger and smaller states were represented and respected in the document.
Popular Sovereignty is the idea that all of the governments power comes from the people under the rule of that said government. This is shown in the preamble of the United States' Constitution. The Preamble begins with the phrase " We the People", this further proves the idea that the true power of the government comes from the people. In the government, the people have a lot of the say as to holds office, for how long they do, and what they can do in their time in office. One way this is true is by the fact that we as citizens of the United States elect who we think will do what we think will drive the country forward and keep our country safe when electing the president. The people make the decision to elect a certain person because of what they do; however We the people also have the power to take that away. If enough concern is raised, The people have the power to impeach the president. This means the president will go through a trial and two thirds of the senators in the white house must vote guilty for the president to be removed from office. These are just some of the ways that We the People have the power over our government.
Limited Government is the limiting of power throughout the Government to make sure that no one person or group can dictate the people of the Country. In Article 1, Section 4 of the constitution, it states that members of the Senate and House of Representatives are to be elected by the people and may be removed if needed. This is an example of Limited Government because of the fact that the government officials are elected by the people and can be removed if there is enough concern.
Separation of Powers
Separation of Powers is the way that the country has different parts of the government with certain jobs to even out the power. For example, in Article 2, Section 2, it states that the government shall be split into three different branches to even out power and responsibility. The three branches of the government are the Executive, Judicial, and Legislative. The Executive Branch is made up of the president and his workers, the Judicial Branch is made up of the Supreme court and lower courts, and the legislative is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. All three branches have different jobs but are closely intertwined to work together and make sure everyone is fairly treated and protected in the country.
Federalism is the Division of power between the Federal and State government. In the U.S Constitution, the governments are limited on both state and federal levels as well as individuals levels. In Article 1, Sections 9 and 10, it states rules for federal and state governments so neither can have and advantage in power over the other. For Example, the federal government may not tax a certain state for something without voting on it. Also, a law for the states is that the state by itself may not form an alliance with another country without the rest of the country. The Constitution does a good job of making sure that neither the state nor federal government has more power over the other.
Checks and Balances
Checks and Balances is the system in which the three branches of government have power to check the other to and keep them in order. The system of Checks and Balances is written into the Constitution. For Example, in Article 1, Section, 2, Clause 1, it states that the House of Representatives may impeach the president if enough concern is raised. This is an example of how the Legislative Branch has the ability to keep the Executive Branch in Check.
Representative Government is the Idea that the people of the nation are represented by Government Officials. In Article 1, Section 3 of the Constitution, this is shown by the rule that each state will have two members of the senate and each of those members will have one vote. This shows that the people individually elect someone to vote for them and make sure that they are represented.
Elizabeth Warren, Massachusetts Senator
Blooms Taxonomy Quiz:
1. Name three people that signed the Constitution.
2. What was the purpose of writing the Constitution?
3. Predict what would happen if the Constitution was not written.
4. What Other Countries have similar governments to the U.S.
5. How effective are the Bill of Rights today?
6. Is there a way to make the Constitution more relevant to today?