Mikhail Gerasimov was a soviet archaeologist and anthropologist who introduced major advancements to the field of forensics sculpture. He pioneered paleo-anthropological facial reconstruction of historic figures from the 1930's to 1970's. .
He reconstructed the faces of more than 200 people, including Ivan the Terrible, Yarsolav the Wise, Tamurlane and Rudaki (founder of classic Persian and literature). This became an importance to the field of Forensics.
Forensic facial reconstruction is the process of creating the face of an individual on a skull for the purpose of identifying an unknown person.