GMO's are currently used. Yes, there are ethical issues involving the use of GMO's some people think that they trigger allergies, and can harm the environment. Some benefits of GMO's are: they help plants have better resistance to, weeds, droughts, pests, and diseases, they also make foods last longer, and produce more. Scientist use technology to research how to modify genes, traits, and phenotypes of foods. People use the Human Genomes for breeding techniques.