California Gold Rush "There's gold in them there hills"

Polk announces it to Congress in Dec.1848 •People from all over the WORLD will “rush” to California hoping to get rich quick (49rs). •People will travel there by three different routes: (1)overland (2)around the horn of South America (3)Over Panama
By the end of 1849, Cal. population will increase from 15,000 to over 100,000.
Many Californios will lose their land to new settlers because of the Land Law of 1851.

New communities called BOOMTOWNS spring up where no town existed before (picture above)

San Francisco will grow from a tiny village to over 20,000 in less than a year.
Statehood •Rapid growth and lawlessness brought a need for better gov’t. •California will apply for statehood but southern states opposed it.

Why do you think southern states will oppose California's application for statehood?


Created with images by James St. John - "Gold leaf specimens (Idaho Springs area, Colorado, USA) 5" • tpsdave - "golden gate bridge san francisco famous" • juliejordanscott - "California_map" • Fæ - "Mexican Americans workmen pausing for the camera as they make adobe bricks at the Casa Verdugo, ca.1900-1920 (CHS-5196)" • Fæ - "A street scene of people boosting for tickets to the Grand Ball during the boom days at the mines, Goldfield, Nevada, ca.1905 (CHS-5414)" • derwiki - "san francisco skyline urban" • tpsdave - "california sunset dusk"

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