Ancient Greece supported major pioneers in science, which led to impactful developments that still affect us today. Ancient Greece developed concepts and invented fields in medicine, engineering, physics, astronomy, and biology. This development was due to their belief that regularities and patterns in nature led to discovering the secrets of the universe. They had a fundamental belief that nature had to obey certain rules and with knowledge of these rules, it became possible to predict the nature of our universe. The observation and deduction of our surroundings led to logical arguments. This way of thinking gave a foundation for many great thinkers, scientists, and engineers that Greece was home to. Thales of Miletus discovered that the nature of the world could be explained without supernatural impact. Anaximander believed that humans must have evolved from other animals, who could survive as young animals, as infants are helpless when they are young. Empedocles began to understand a form of evolution and the concept of survival of the fittest. The vast range of discoveries proved that Greece was home to curious people, with a drive to figure things out.
Hippocrates was a Greek physician who has been called the father of medicine. Hippocrates is noted for his development of medical ethics and for the Hippocratic Oath. This oath was suspected to not be written by him, but was named after him. Throughout, Hippocrates life, he was seen as both a physician and as a teacher. Hippocrates mentored individuals like Plato, for a fee, but in turn became a famous figure in Greece. Aside from medical ethics, Hippocrates also made breakthrough discoveries in medical research. Hippocrates believed that diseases were caused by a poor diet, which produced vapors, which caused someone to become ill. Hippocrates produced writings that covered how he believed the body worked, what disease was, and how to used medicine to help treat someone. The medical developments of the Hellenistic period were caused by Hippocrates research. Even after Hippocrates died, his influence impacted the development of the modern medical fields of surgery, pharmacy, anatomy, and physiology. His works caused speculation of medicine and competition between different schools of medicine. Hippocrates developed the first system of medicine and his writings still impact us today. The development of medicine throughout the world was built on a foundation that Hippocrates gave us.