INDIA Katrina Stanley, Benjaman Smoldon

Main Religion- Hinduism

Founder- No single founder

Country of Origin- India

Central Deities

o Shiva (the Creator and Destroyer), who destroys the old while creating the new. His consorts include the loving Parvati and the ferocious Durga, who represent the feminine aspects of his complex nature.

o Vishnu (the Preserver) and his two most popular incarnations, Krishna and Rama.

o Devi (the Protecting Mother), sometimes known simply as the Goddess, who appears in some form in every region of India. She is often identified as the creative energy of the universe, and is considered by her followers the equal of Vishnu and Shiva.

Current number of practitioners- Over 1,000,000,000 followers

4 central beliefs

o Continuity of life (Reincarnation)

o Karma

o All-Pervasive Divinity

o Three Worlds and Cycles of Creation

Development of Written Language

2 Dominant spoken languages

Hindi 122,048,642

Bengali 83,369,769

India invented the decimal and the Number system millennia ago. Zero was invented by the Indian prodigy in astronomy and mathematics, Aryabhatta (476-550 CE). Great Britains oldest university, Oxford, came into existence only in the year 1167. India Takshashila

Social Mobility

In spite of rigid caste structure social mobility was present in Indian society and is still prevalent.

Human societies are divided into various social strata. These strata are arranged hierarchically and are considered superior or inferior to one another according to the prevalent value system in society.

But any system of social stratification is not absolutely closed. Individuals or groups can move from one social status to another in the social hierarchy. This process of shifting of social status is called social mobility.

Caste System-Origins and history

The Caste System--(groups assigned by birth not personality). The Hindu conception of the social order is that people are different, and different people will fit well into different aspects of society. Social order or social class according to varna forms the framework of moral duties according to personal characteristics of individuals (not necessarily birth).

Historical role of women

The evolution of the status of women in India has been a continuous process of ups and downs throughout history. Considering the vast body of empirical research available on the topic, two approaches seem valid: one is classical text view; and the other, empirical view.

For the purpose of depicting a brief survey of the changing position and role of women in India throughout history, two broad periods are considered: (a) 2500 B.C-1500 B.C., and (b) 1500 B.C. - 1800 A.D.

These divisions are based on degree of freedom that women enjoyed and the role differentiation within the family. Throughout classic literature on the status of women there is almost consistent opinion among great scholars that during the age of Vedas (2500 - 1500 B. C.) a woman's status was equivalent to that of a man.

Importance of family

Family- Our family brings out the best and worst in each of us. The environment where we get to understand our religion, values, culture, society and utilize them to the best while coping with the outside world. A family is the bond where you meet your parents, grandparents, siblings and other family members. Just by observing how these relationships blend with each other and understanding one another allows us to know the importance of a family. Be it happiness, stress, pressure, triumph, achievements or failure, your family is always there by your side at every nook of your life, standing tall and supportive.

Monsoon

A seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia, blowing from the southwest between May and September and bringing rain (the wet monsoon), or from the northeast between October and April (the dry monsoon) During the monsoon farmers plant/harvest crops that support a large population of India. This is important because It helps bring food to the people of India

Colonial Past

What country colonized and controlled India- Britain Colonialized India, It was known as the British Raj

When did the colonizing country first arrive in India- They arrived in 1583 to exploit opportunities for trade

When did the colonizing country officially take control of India- They officially took control in 1858

How long and in what way was India controlled- 1858-1947, The rule was called crown rule or direct rule in India by the British

What was the main reason that India was colonized- The main reason India was colonized was for Trade opportunities

When did India gain it’s independence- August 15, 1947

How did India gain it’s independence- They gained independence when the India Independence Bill took place which was pressed by the Nonviolent group “Quit India”

•Who was a pivotal figure in India’s independence movement- Gandhi was the “India Independence Leader”

India Today

Current Population- 1.31 billion people

Current Rank of the countries economy in the world according their Gross Domestic Product(GDP)- 7

Current Form of Government- The Government of India is a federal government established by the Constitution of India as the constituted governing authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a proclaimed and established parliamentary democratic republic, constitutionally called the Republic of India. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.

Name, title, and brief summary of their leader- Pranan Mukherjee. "Mukherjee was born in 1935 in Mirati, a small village in West Bengal. His father was also involved in politics and served as a leader in India’s Congress. President Mukherjee received a law degree and went on to become a professor and journalist. In 1973, he was appointed to his first political post as minister of state for finance. He then served several years in Parliament prior to being elected president."

Current place and affects of the Caste System in Indian society today- As India transforms, one might expect caste to dissolve and disappear, but that is not happening. Instead, caste is making its presence felt in ways similar to race in modern America: less important now in jobs and education, but vibrantly alive when it comes to two significant societal markers — marriage and politics.

The role of women in the society today- Women have been thought to be housewives, tending to children, cooking dinner, etc.. However, they recently have been getting more equality to men.

One widespread challenge that India is facing today as a nation- While most of India has improved on the quality and availability of water systems, most of the rural areas are left out. Over 21% of the country's diseases are water related. Only 33% of the population has sanitary water. It lacks long-term availability of having replenishable water sources. Any water systems add to the depletion of water. Most of the water crisis in India is contributed to the lack of government planning, increased corporate privatization, industrial and human waste, and government corruption. It probably will also worsen the population number to 1.6 billion by 2050.

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