Global Warming- Or is it a Global Warning? Find out how global warming and the extinctions of different types of animals may eventually come back to us

What if Antarctica vanished in 10 years along with all the organisms living there? What if snow didn’t exist anymore and we had summer all year? Global warming is slowly affecting the world around us and this could lead to many more problems than the ones that we are facing today. Loss of environment and temperatures changing could also have a big affect on marine wildlife and other wildlife on land and little do we know, simple everyday, activities like driving in a car to school, is part of the cause of global warming. It might seem like global warming isn’t a big deal. However in the end, it will really affect how we live. People are even asking, if we will be able to survive with the change in temperature that is slowly but surely rising with every passing moment. This could lead to our extinction along with the extinction of all wildlife and plants.

What causes Global warming?

You may think you know a lot about global warming, but what you may not know is that everything on earth is part of the carbon cycle. Carbon dioxide, (CO2) a natural gas, comes from many living things on earth. CO2 is mostly produced when an organism is being decomposed,this process releases CO2 which is naturally “absorbed” into the earth. The problem started when us, as humans, started developing our technology and building cars and factories.

Most of the pollution on earth is caused by industrial factories.

Industrial Factories release carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and many other toxic chemicals that create greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases cover the earth, allowing sunlight in and not letting heat out. We are currently releasing too much CO2 into the air along with greenhouse gases, which is stopping the carbon cycle from doing its magic and returning the useful chemicals into the earth. This causes global warming. Therefore all things that release carbon dioxide into the air like, electricity, heating in homes, trains, buses, planes, and industrial factories, are a part of global warming. However, global warming isn’t just temperature's rising, it can have many other long lasting effects such as animal and marine life extinction, along with loss of habitat and land.

Commotion in The Ocean

One day a friend of mine was asked, “How is global warming affecting the fish in the ocean?” and she answered “The population of the fish are decreasing and certain species are becoming extinct”, and that’s right. But when she was asked why she said, “I don't know”. This is common and a lot of people don't know exactly why it is affecting fish. In fact, even I didn’t know exactly why this was affecting the fish or other marine life until I began researching for this article. But now that I know I what to share this information with whomever I can.

There are many species of marine life that are being affected by global warming, coral is one of them. Normally, coral provides shelter for algae and in return the algae gives the coral food, this is an example of mutualism. Due to the change in temperature in the ocean, caused by global warming, the algae haven’t been able to perform photosynthesis. This means that the algae haven’t been able to provide the coral with any food. Without food, the algae can not grow, therefore the coral reefs don't have food either. However this isn’t any other type of algae, it is zooxanthellae. Zooxanthellae gives the coral its color, therefore without zooxanthellae there is no food or color for the coral. This causes, and you most likely already know about it, the bleaching of coral. Coral Reefs also provide homes and camouflage for a lot of different types of fish. WIthout the colors in the coral the fish won’t have homes that can protect them, especially when most fish have bright colors. All living organisms have 4 living needs, homeostasis, water, energy and living space, but without the homes in the coral, the fish won’t have homes. As you can see the harming of coral doesn’t just harm coral, and it could even eventually come back to us

This is coral before bleaching began. As you can see Coral reefs are very bright and colorful.

This is an example of bleached coral, very colorless and dull.

The Cost of land Loss

Global warming is not only affecting ocean life but it is also affecting wildlife in many other places. Over the past few years the decline in wildlife population has increased. Earlier this century it used to be that, 7 percent of mammals and 4 percent of birds were threatened by climate change. Now this number has increased tremendously. A recent study conducted by csmonitor.com showed that, 23.4 percent of birds and 47 percent of mammals are being threatened by climate change.In addition, lately many animals have also been put on the endangered species list, this is due to loss of habitat, and the giant increase in temperature, which has been caused by global warming. In fact, one tenth of the earth’s wilderness areas have been destroyed. This has caused 58% of wildlife populations to have decreased since 1970.

A recent example of an endangered species would be bees, but not just any bees, rusty patched bumble bees. These bees help pollinate plants and they are a monumental part of our ecosystem like most other bees, which are also becoming endangered. Two of the many reasons these bees are decreasing in population are because of the rapidly rising temperatures, and possible droughts. According to an article from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, “These changes may lead to more exposure to or susceptibility to disease, fewer flowering plants, fewer places for queen bees to hibernate and nest, less time for foraging due to high temperatures, and asynchronous flowering plant and bumble bee spring emergence.” As you can see, global warming is having a major impact on these bees and many new ideas and rules are helping to reserve the bees. A worldwide extinction of bees can come back to us as well. If there are no longer bees, our economy would go down the drain! Of course Bees produce honey which we sell, but beyond that, bees pollinate plants. Without pollination there are no plants, without plants there are no vegetables and fruit causing lack of nutrition in the human race, ultimately leading to our extinction. Bees have a much bigger impact on us than most people think and it is our job to help solve this problem.

This is a picture of a bumble getting food and pollinated

What can I do to Help?

Loss of environment and temperatures changing could definitely have a permanent effect on marine life and other wildlife, and simple everyday activities like driving in a car to school, are part of the cause of global warming. In a recent article from, The Christian Science Monitor, they explained how we have to stop “degrading nature”. In order to help the cause, try to walk or ride your bike to school instead of driving, if it is possible. It is very important that we don't cause more pollution and release more carbon dioxide into the air by driving cars and buses. Most importantly, Recycling can make a big impact for our environment. Even just using the back of a sheet of paper can help out the earth in an amazing way. Simple things like that can cause less trees to have to be cut down, and when less trees are cut down less CO2 is released into the air. Overall Global Warming can be easily solved by doing simple things that will keep major problems from happening. After all, we could become extinct from all these problems that are slowly, but surely going to lead to our extinction, unless we stop “degrading nature”.

Credits:

Created with images by skeeze - "world earth planet" • Michael Cavén - "The paper factory" • SarahDepper - "Colourful Corals at Maripipi" • Derek Keats - "Bleached coral that has been killed by a crown of thorns starfish, Fiji" • Skitterphoto - "bee bumblebee flower" • vastateparksstaff - "Ready to Ride"

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