What if Antarctica vanished in 10 years along with all the organisms living there? What if snow didn’t exist anymore and we had summer all year? Global warming is slowly affecting the world around us and this could lead to many more problems than the ones that we are facing today. Loss of environment and temperatures changing could also have a big affect on marine wildlife and other wildlife on land and little do we know, simple everyday, activities like driving in a car to school, is part of the cause of global warming. It might seem like global warming isn’t a big deal. However in the end, it will really affect how we live. People are even asking, if we will be able to survive with the change in temperature that is slowly but surely rising with every passing moment. This could lead to our extinction along with the extinction of all wildlife and plants.
What causes Global warming?
You may think you know a lot about global warming, but what you may not know is that everything on earth is part of the carbon cycle. Carbon dioxide, (CO2) a natural gas, comes from many living things on earth. CO2 is mostly produced when an organism is being decomposed,this process releases CO2 which is naturally “absorbed” into the earth. The problem started when us, as humans, started developing our technology and building cars and factories.
Most of the pollution on earth is caused by industrial factories.
Industrial Factories release carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and many other toxic chemicals that create greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases cover the earth, allowing sunlight in and not letting heat out. We are currently releasing too much CO2 into the air along with greenhouse gases, which is stopping the carbon cycle from doing its magic and returning the useful chemicals into the earth. This causes global warming. Therefore all things that release carbon dioxide into the air like, electricity, heating in homes, trains, buses, planes, and industrial factories, are a part of global warming. However, global warming isn’t just temperature's rising, it can have many other long lasting effects such as animal and marine life extinction, along with loss of habitat and land.
Commotion in The Ocean
One day a friend of mine was asked, “How is global warming affecting the fish in the ocean?” and she answered “The population of the fish are decreasing and certain species are becoming extinct”, and that’s right. But when she was asked why she said, “I don't know”. This is common and a lot of people don't know exactly why it is affecting fish. In fact, even I didn’t know exactly why this was affecting the fish or other marine life until I began researching for this article. But now that I know I what to share this information with whomever I can.
There are many species of marine life that are being affected by global warming, coral is one of them. Normally, coral provides shelter for algae and in return the algae gives the coral food, this is an example of mutualism. Due to the change in temperature in the ocean, caused by global warming, the algae haven’t been able to perform photosynthesis. This means that the algae haven’t been able to provide the coral with any food. Without food, the algae can not grow, therefore the coral reefs don't have food either. However this isn’t any other type of algae, it is zooxanthellae. Zooxanthellae gives the coral its color, therefore without zooxanthellae there is no food or color for the coral. This causes, and you most likely already know about it, the bleaching of coral. Coral Reefs also provide homes and camouflage for a lot of different types of fish. WIthout the colors in the coral the fish won’t have homes that can protect them, especially when most fish have bright colors. All living organisms have 4 living needs, homeostasis, water, energy and living space, but without the homes in the coral, the fish won’t have homes. As you can see the harming of coral doesn’t just harm coral, and it could even eventually come back to us