Spina bifida Savanna Peterson
Spina bifida is defined as: a birth defect in which a developing baby's spinal cord fails to develop properly. There is incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord.
Spina bifida is very rare. Fewer than 200,000 US cases per year.
Spina bifida requires a medical diagnosis and cannot be cured, but treatment may help. Lab tests or imaging are often required. It is a chronic condition, meaning it can last for years or even be lifelong. When treatment is required, it's done through surgery to close the defect. Other treatments focus on managing complications.
Symptoms can sometimes be seen on the skin above the spinal defect. They include: abnormal tuft of hair, a birthmark, protruding spinal cord tissue, little to no feeling in arms, legs, and feet, bladder or bowel issues, fluid buildup in brain, and curve in the spine.