North Vietnam planned to make this the bloodiest and most expensive war for the US. This was to turn the American public opinion against the American involvement in the conflict. North Vietnam's military strategies could be split into three different phases: The Viet Cong Establishment, The Guerilla Warfare, and The Conventional warfare. In the Viet Cong Establishment they first prepared and then organized their forces.
People in America were not that supportive of the Vietnam war. Citizens thought it was morally and politically wrong to get involved in the Vietnamese affairs. A lot of Americans did not believe that the war going on did not need to be fought. Due to extreme lack of support the home front was different than it was before the war. So many people believed that the Vietnam war was not necessary, therefore causing a bunch of tension and upheaval in the US.
Vietnam protests influenced popular music. In this time it was the most influential type of music even though it wasn't a new genre of music. Music was already a vital pert of the youth culture but in the mid 1960's, music became a vehicle where you could hear the concerns through music. It helped to build the antiwar community. This kind of music had subtle tones, which were propelled through acoustic instruments. the music of the 1960's protest remained as the era's most enduring legacy.
The music created during this time was used as propaganda. For the first half of the 20th century there was propaganda posters, and for the second half they started to create protest posters. Posted all over served as cries for piece.
Anti-war marches and other protests took place during this time. Students of a democratic society attracted a growing crowd of support over a span of 3 years. Some expressed their protests through songs. American support for the war had fallen below 50%. The anti- war movement began on college campuses. Even though a vast part of the U.S. was still supporting the administration policy in Vietnam a small liberal minority made its voice heard by the end by 1965. These people rejected authority and embraced drug culture.
During this time period there was brutal stuff on the T.v about the war. The showed villages being destroyed children dying in horrific ways, and american body bags being sent home. Television was the most important resource we used to get news on the war, but the audience was still small. That would be because only 9% of the homes in the U.S owned T.V's in 1950. Then in 1966 the percentage rose up to 93% and t.v's became the number one news source.
Obviously the Vietnam war had a number of effects on the American Economy. Factories were being used for different thing than what they were meant for. Like factories the produced consumer goods started producing things for the military. This caused controversy towards the governments handling of economic policy. The military sending for the government caused some problems too. The funding went overseas and caused an imbalance in payments. This war had a great contribution toward the downfall of the economy in the 1960's.
The selective service system produced two lotteries to determine which men got drafted for the war. The U.S drafted 2.2 million men out of 27 million. Some soldiers were honored to serve while others though that it was a death sentence. There were ways to get out of being drafted, which were going to college or running away. The ones who went to college were most likely wealthy. You could also take an aptitude test and if you failed you didn't go so some intentionally failed. Antiwar activists though the the draft was immoral and a way for the government to continue the continue the war with fresh soldiers.
During this war children were severely mistreated. Many never knew their father, or got left at the orphanage, or got thrown in trash cans. Vietnam nor America wanted the children to be named Amerasian's also known as children of the dust. President ford ordered and evacuation of 2000 orphans, a lot of them Amerasian's. The first flight crashed and killed 144 people most of them being children. Looking over the crash the evacuation still continued for 3 weeks.