"Lady Mary Wortley Montagu" (1670-1762) was the oldest daughter in her family, with the name of Lady Marry Pierrepoint. In 1712 Lady Mary married Edward Wortley Montagu, which led to the change of her name. After the accession of George I, Mr. Wortley took over a seat at the Treasury Board. His cousin, Charles, was named commissioner. Mr. Wortley Montagu was appointed ambassador to the Porte in 1716. Lady Mary had letters written that were not given to the world during her life. They were written with a view to publication; copies of all of them were preserved by Lady Mary, and some time before her death she published two complete transcripts of them, then one, in her own handwriting. The letters were signed M. A., which now turns out to be written by a person of once considerable literary reputation, Mrs. Mary Astell. A second version of this publication was found in 1817, which contained additional letters; but its value has been since entirely superseded by the publication of 'The Letters and Works of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. Lady Mary died of Breast Cancer on August 22, 1762. This is important to the module because it shows how these letters written affected many around the world.
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
In "Goya & The Spanish Enlightenment" Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes is regarded as the most important Spanish artist of the eighteenth and nineteenth century. He began to study with painter José Luzán Martínez at the age of fourteen. The painter brothers Francisco and Ramón Bayeu y Subías had set up a studio in 1763 and Goya joined their studio later on and eventually married their sister Josefa. Goya painted sixty-three cartoons for two royal palaces that were displayed in dining rooms. Goya continued to move around in royal patronage and received more commissions from the aristocracy. At the age of forty, Goya was appointed painter to King Charles III. The monarchy of Charles IV ended when Napoleon’s armies invaded Spain in 1808. Goya retired to Bordeaux in 1824 and wanted to seek medical advice. His final years were spent there and in Paris where he died in 1828. This is important to the module because it shows how Goya became a painter at a young age and ended up being a painter for high authority.
In the weblink listed "Of Elephants and Roses: Encounters with French Natural History, 1790-1830" is shows how a museum holds an experience of elephants and roses. It explores natural history in post-revolutionary France. There are many objects that have never been seen in the U.S. before such as mastodon teeth sent by Thomas Jefferson, ceramic ware, etc. “Music for Elephants” shows two live elephants that arrived in Paris in 1798 as spoils of war and documents the birth of paleontology based partly on the study of fossils sent to France by Philadelphia naturalists. “Hunting for Trees” reveals how France’s decreasing forests led to a worldwide search for useful and beautiful trees. “Black Swans for an Empress” highlights Josephine’s love of exotic birds, after only to her love of flowering plants. “A Flower Blooms” show a glorious Redouté image of an amaryllis. “Everything Giraffe” tells the story of a baby African giraffe who was led on foot from Marseilles to Paris. This is important because it shows many different things that occurred during post-revolutionary France.
Of Elephants and Roses-APS Museum
The Enlightenment is a movement that includes scientific principles, such as natural laws, into daily life, application to social behaviors and making of practical applications to science. Visual Arts was the move toward Neoclassical in art and architecture. Literature and philosophy also came into play during this time period. Jean Jacques Rousseau challenged the view that civilization meant progress. So he sought to establish society on a natural basis by championing the virtues of women and the freedom and equality of men. Mary Wollstonecraft who wrote the Vindication of the Rights of Woman had a counter reaction to Rousseau and early ideas of the French Revolution. This time period right after the French Revolution was called the "Age of Reason." This file shows how the Enlightenment movement played a huge role in the way people began to act after the Revolution.
"Life of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu." Life of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.
Voorhies, James.“Francisco de Goya (1746–1828) and the Spanish Enlightenment.” In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/goya/hd_goya.htm (October 2003)
"Elephants & Roses." APS Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.