Montgomery Bus Boycotts the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.

The roots of the bus boycott began years before the arrest of Rosa Parks. According to the History Channel, "On June 5, 1956, a Montgomery federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution." After Rosa Parks was taken to jail and fingerprinted she was allowed one phone call, this phone call change everything.

In April 12 of 2017 the passenger David Dao refused to he seat from a member of a crew who needed to board, one the officer of the airport take him out leaving him wounded.

This event bring all African Americans to be come together and fight for their rights. According to the History Learning Site, "On December 1st 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus. Parks had suffered from bus segregation before. In 1943, Parks had paid her fare to a bus driver who told her to get on the bus by its rear door as ‘black’ seats were always at the back of a bus. While Parks moved to the rear door, the bus drove off." As news of the boycott spread, African-American leaders across Montgomery, Alabama’s capital city, began lending their support. Black ministers announced the boycott in church on Sunday. The group elected Martin Luther King Jr., the 26-year-old-pastor of Montgomery’s Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, as its president, and decided to continue the boycott until the city met its demands. Martin Luther King emerged as a prominent national leader of the civil rights movement while also solidifying his commitment to nonviolent resistance.

At first the protest did not change the segregation laws and many white people opposed the equal rights for white and black. Many of Americans didn't want equal right, one of those was George Wallace, a Alabama Governor in support of racial segregation, he block black students from attending Alabama University. When black students saw this they came together and from their own organization, the SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), to work for equal rights. They also organized freedom rides to protest segregation on the interstate transportation system. In 1962 the federal courts ordered the schools to desegregate. In July, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was singed into the law, this banned segregation in public accommodations, gave government the power to desegregate schools, outlawed discrimination in employment and establish the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

The Civil Rights had give equal rights, but not only to African Americans also to Latin Americans and Asian Americans. It also had increase economic opportunities for all Americans and legal segregation was eliminated. Every people that is legal in the United States have opportunities to have a better life. But there are still people who fill more then others.

This April 12, 2017 David Dao was forced to to get off the plane because he didn't offered to give up his seat for four members of a crew who needed to board. According to abc News, "when no one volunteered, the airline generated a list of four names to be removed from the fight and be reaccommodated... Of the four passengers, Dao was the only one who refused to comply, which triggered a call to airport police." When he refused to give his seat the airport police take him off the airplane hitting him. Is very similar to what happened to Rosa Parks, although today we have the Civil Rights there is still many people that fill more then others just because they think they have the power and authority over other people from different race.

APA Citations:

History.com/topics/black-history/montgomery-bus-boycott?scrlybrkr=1db441eb.

Historylearningsite.co.uk/the-civil-rights-movement-in-america-1945-to-1968/montgomery-bus-boycott/.

abcnews.go.com/US/united-ceo-oscar-munoz-felt-sham-passenger-dragged/story?id=46746594.

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