Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
Ex: she is as big as a cow. She can eat like a pig.
The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named.
The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
Ex: "The flames of the candle danced in the dark"
An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
Ex: "To eat or not to eat?"
A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.
Ex: "my uncle is as big as a truck"
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Ex:" it is raining cats and dogs"
A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words.
Ex: "easy as a piece of cake"
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