The Legislative Branch
- The Legislative Branch is in charge of making new laws
- It has two representatives, House and Senate
- The House has 435 members and the Senate has 100/2 per state
- The length of term for the House is 2 years
- The length of term for the Senate is 6 years
- All members are elected
- You must be 25 to be a member of the House and 30 for the Senate
- You have to have been an American citizen for 7 years to be in House and 9 years for Senate
The Legislative Powers
The Legislative Branch has the power to cut and make taxes. They also have the power to declare war. The Legislative Branch has the power to make laws.
The Executive Branch
- The Executive Branch is the people who carry out laws
- There are 17 members of this Branch, 1- president 1- Vice President and 15 cabinet members
- The length of the presidential term, is 4 years
- You must be elected And 35 years old
- You have to have been born in the US
The Executives powers
The Executive Branch has the highest military officer (The President) so it gives them the power to make amendments of the constitution. That means they can make small changes to the constitution. They also have the power to reject a proposal for a new law and negotiate treaties.
The Judicial Branch
- The judicial branches job is to explain the laws under the constitution. They decide if laws are constitutional.
- There are 9 leaders of the Supreme Court
- The length of the term is lifetime
- Members are appointed by executives
- There are no age or citizenship requirements
Judicial Branch Powers
The supreme courts job is to interpret the constitution and limit the powers of the other branches. The judicial branch determines which laws are constitutional and which are not.
What is federalism?
The United States government is based on federalism. Our laws come from our federal government, state governments and local governments. Federalism is a government that allows more than one group to have control over one region. Federalism helps small areas like Vermont because it helps us keep Independence and helps us maintain power. We also have 2 of the most powerful senators, so we're the same as every other state.
Checks and Balances
Checks and balances purpose is to keep the 3 branches from getting to powerful. Examples of checks and balances is, the executive Branch is allowed to veto bills from the Legislative Branch. But the Legislative Branch can override the veto. Another example is, the Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional. But the Supreme Court members are appointed by the president so it balances out. The appointments are approved by congress.
How is the president elected?
To decide who will be president, there is an election. Whichever candidate has the most electoral votes, wins the election. The American people's votes are called "The Popular" vote. The popular vote is not actually what decides the winning candidate, the electoral college is. The electoral college is a group of representatives for the US.