Asthma By: Maggie Toennis

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a condition in which the airways of someone become narrow and begin to swell producing extra mucus.

What are the causes of asthma?

It is not clear what the direct cause of asthma, but it is most likely due environmental and genetic factors. Another factor might be if your are exposed to certain substances the irritate your lungs and trigger allergens. Some of these substances might include pollen, dust mites, mold spores, cold air, and pet dander. Some other things such as physical activity, certain medications, or emotions and stress might all have an effect on causing asthma.

What are some signs/symptoms of Asthma?

Some signs/symptoms of asthma include difficulty breathing, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness/pain, hard time sleeping due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing, and worsened coughing attacks during a respiratory infections.

What are treatment options for asthma?

When treating asthma it is very important to consult with a doctor regularly to adjust your treatment plan if needed. The three main steps you should take when having asthma include: Tracking your symptoms, record how well your lungs are working, and adjust your treatment plan according to your asthma action plan. Some common medications used to treat asthma include: Inhaled Corticosteroids, Leukotriene Modifiers, and Combination Inhalers.

What are some prevention options of asthma?

Some steps you can take when trying to prevent asthma include making sure to follow your action plan regarding the severity of your disease, get vaccinated for the flu and pneumonia, avoid triggers of asthma such as any outdoor substances, monitor your breathing, take action early on if you notice symptoms of asthma, and use your medication as PRESCRIBED!

Credits:

Created with images by geralt - "anatomy woman human" • PracticalCures - "Asthma Symptoms" • NIAID - "Asthma Inhaler"

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