Reasons for Migration
Many Chinese arrived around the 1840's, lured to the Pacific coast of the United States around California during the gold rush, which attracted many Chinese labors towards the United States in hope to live a cheap new life. Then they were expecting to spend a few years working, thus earning enough money to return to China, build a house and marry. Then due to the slowed down gold availability, rampant discrimination and gang violence in the west, many were drove to the east into larger cities, where job opportunities were more open and they could more easily blend into the already diverse population. Around 1880, the south east side of New York became a home to between 200 and 1,100 Chinese.
ADVANTAGES OF MOVING INTO AN ETHNIC ENCLAVE
Arriving to a new country can be tough, you do not know anyone, you might not speak the same language, and you can have no idea where you are going. An ethnic enclave is not only familiar but will also remind the immigrant of their old home. They will be around people that have similar commonalities: where they grew up, favorite foods, political views and all sorts of stuff like that. It ultimately makes the transition a lot easier for the incomer. It gives the person a place to go where they can feel at home, and not like they are alone with no guidance or friends. Being thrown into a new environment is very tough, often people move to a new country in hopes of a better life.