Anything that enters the sterile field of the operating room needs to be sterilized. This includes instruments, drapes, and the staff, according to “Asepsis and Aseptic Practices in the Operating Room” (Osman, 2000).
The most common one being steam sterilization but others are used as well. These can include peracetic acid, ethylene oxide, dry heat, and ozone. These are different types of low temperature sterilization techniques (Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2009).
“Sterilization is defined as the complete elimination or destruction of all forms of microbial life” (Moss, Kneedler, Pfister, & Major, 2017). This process needs to be done to destroy all bacteria and help maintain a sterile, safe environment for the patient.