Brithish Control in South Africa
1 Boer War(December 16, 1880 to March 23, 1881)
Boers won 1st Boer war on March 23, 1881
-Britain Wanted to control South Africa because it was one of the trade routes to India
-Britain was in conflict with the Boers because they were taking their resources (gold and diamonds)
Boers wanted a simple farming life but the British rule made their country a country of industry and business
This led to the second Boer War (1899-1902), which the British eventually won
-Britain had superior weapons, more manpower, and more resources
-Britain followed the scorched earth policy
Britain captured over 4000 Boers and the Boer cities Bloemfontein, Pretoria, Johannesburg
On May 31, 1902 the British and Boers signed the Peace of Vereeniging, ending the 2nd Boer war.
By 1910 the Boers ruled South Africa and was almost completely independent from Britain
Boers also known as Afrikaners, descendants of the original Dutch settlers in South Africa.
Dominion statues- granted to the Africans by the British, self rule but still under british crown.
http://ibatpv.org/projects/imperialism/baldwin.htm (dec. 9)
Textbook (dec. 9)
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/empire/g2/cs3/background.htm (dec. 12)
http://www.sahistory.org.za/topic/union-south-africa-1910 (dec 14)