Types of Surrogacy
When a woman donates her egg to be fertilized by sperm—from intended father or sperm donor—through artificial insemination or IVF. The woman is the biological, genetic, and gestational mother. Upon delivery, she relinquishes all parental rights to the intended parents.
Egg from intended mother or egg donor is fertilized by sperm from intended father or sperm donor and implanted in the carrier through in vitro fertilization. The carrier has no genetic or biologic link to the fetus and relinquishes all parental rights to the intended parents upon delivery.
- 1978—First successful IVF baby born.
- 1983—First baby from egg donation was born.
- 1985—Emergence of gestational surrogacy and first successful pregnancy.
- 1986—Baby M Case.
- 1999—Special Program of Assisted Reproduction (SPAR) formed.
- 2011-Oldest surrogate (61) carried her grandchild.
- Absent uterus.
- Uterine anomaly.
- Severe heart or renal disease.
- Biological inability to conceive—single male, homosexual male couple.
- Hysterectomy for carcinoma or hemorrhage.
- Unidentified endometrial factor.
- Multiple unexplained IVF failures.
- Recurrent miscarriage.
Steps to Surrogacy