History Of Printing By: Phoebe Mulry

3000 BC and earlier

The Mesopotamians use round cylinder seals for rolling an impress of images onto clay tablets. In other early societies in China and Egypt, small stamps are used to print on cloth.

2400 BC

Papyrus dated as early as 2400 bc has been found with written words on it. It originated in Egypt and it has been speculated to be invented as early as 3100 BC

105 AD

A Chinese man named Ts’ai Lun is credited with inventing paper.

600 AD

The Chinese first used paper for writing

1040

A Chinese man named Pi-Sheng develops type characters from hardened clay, creating the first movable type.

1175

Paper making reaches Europe

Fifteenth Century

In the fifteenth century books are still rare because they have to be written by scribes, University of Cambridge has one of the largest libraries in Europe – constituting of just 122 books.
In 1436 Gutenberg begins work on a printing press. It takes him 4 years to finish his wooden press which uses movable metal type, it eventually will lead to mass productions of books in many different languages, providing an opportunity to educate people that don't speak english
First publications that get printed on the new device are bibles. The first edition has 40 lines per page. A later 42-line version comes in two volumes.

1665

The first English newspaper was printed to “Avoid the Plague” and is entitled The Oxford Gazette

1704

The Boston News-Letter, is regarded as the first continuously published newspaper in British North America

1740

Japan becomes the first region of the world to provide colour prints of a high quality at a popular price. artists such as Masanobu used multiple woodblocks to print areas of color. Because of this improvement color printing becomes more popular because it is cheaper

1775

Newspapers and pamphlets during the revolution informed americans of events happening across the ocean, and more locally such as across the colonies.

1796

Lithography was invented in Germany by an otherwise unknown Bavarian playwright, Alois Senefelder. It is process where an oily picture is sketched onto a piece of limestone and then can be rolled over to make countless copies.

1875

Robert Barclay invented the first lithographic offset press in England. It involved using a hard stone or metal to print directly upon metal. This method used two cylinders, the metal or stone cylinder, and a rubber cylinder to pull the item being printed upon, through the press and print upon it.

1938

Xerography, a dry photocopying technique, is invented by Chester Carlson.

1957

Russell kirsch makes the first digitalized photo by creating a 176x176 pixel scan of a photograph of his 3 month old son. The computer wasn't capable of holding any more information.

1986

Chuck Hull gets the patent for his 3D printer, uses ultraviolet light to turn photopolymers into a solid piece of plastic

1993

complex and expensive printers, such as the Iris 3047 made by the Iris Graphics, Inc., company, allowed business professionals to print digital graphics arts proofs using water-based cyan, magenta, yellow and black inks.
Benny Landa changed the course of the printing industry at IPEX when he unveiled the E-Print 1000, the world's first digital color printing press

Advancements

1962

Andy Warhol popularizes screen printing as an art form. His ‘Turquoise Marilyn’ is produced using acrylic paint and a silkscreen print on linen.

1967

Océ invents an electro-photographic process for copying documents using a special chemically-treated type of paper. Its first plain-paper office copier follows in 1973.

1972

The ROLAND 800 is the first sheetfed offset press with an integrated ink control system. It can print up to 10000 sheets per hour.

1984

The Apple Macintosh is a ground-breaking computer which for the first time combines a graphical user interface and a mouse with a ‘reasonable’ price tag.

1986

complex and expensive printers, such as the Iris 3047 made by the Iris Graphics, Inc., company, allowed business professionals to print digital graphics arts proofs using water-based cyan, magenta, yellow and black inks.

1995

Roland Druckmaschinen launches the ROLAND 900, an innovative large format sheetfed offset press

Influence Of Computers On Printing

Computers have greatly influenced the printing industry. For consumers, computers have made printing a much more independant process, it is a lot easier to pull up an editable document and press print than to go go to a professional offset printer. You are also able to edit documents way easier, you just have to go back into the document and print it again, whereas any other way you have to get it re done which is the opposite of cost effective.

Thanks For Watching

Credits:

Created with images by Fæ - "Tablet with Cuneiform Inscription LACMA M.79.106.2 (4 of 4)" • Robert_C - "bible manuscript papyrus" • DevonTT - "Pieceof8- Old Paper-1600x1200" • FeeBeeDee - "Chinese1" • wpaczocha - "prague praha bridge" • ben.gallagher - "St John's College Old Library - Corner Shelf" • Killfile - "Gutenburg Press" • Tabble - "bible book old" • Un divertimento de @cromaticom | avatar: M. Eichel - "'The Oxford Gazette' (Inglaterra)" • Boston Public Library - "News from America, or the patriots in the dumps" • lartnouveauenfrance - "Masanobu, deux ménestrels" • Fæ - "The birth-day ode* - as it was preformed before his M-, on the 4th of June, by the Royal Band LCCN2004673358" • BitBoy - "Lithography" • mebner1 - "printer 3d making" • Magnascan - "toner color ink" • oddsock - "Andy Warhol - Marilyn 1967" • raneko - "Macintosh 512K" • image4you - "notebook laptop computer"

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.