What We LearnedPhoto Final By gema hernandez, julia jose, cynthia mejia

Loading the Camera: To do this, open the film camera by pulling up the handle that's being held in the picture so the camera pops open.
When it is like this, put the end of the film on the take-up spool and wind the camera and close it and keep winding until the number on the top says 1.
Unloading/ loading film/ changing room: The first step to begin processing black and white film is to enter the changing room and with the lights still turned on, line up all your gear on the counter. Turn off the lights and get ready to unload your film. Pry off the flat end of the film cassette and carefully push the film out.by pushing on the spindle end of the cassette. Cut off the films tapered leader with scissors. Load film ontop the reel and crank the 2 sides of the reel back and forth in opposite directions until the film is completely loaded. At the end of the film take scissors and clip the junction between the film and the cassette. Then put the black funnel into the reels center hole and put the loaded film spool in the development tank.
First prepare 5oz of D-76 and 5oz of water in a beaker Take the temperature of the solution using a thermometer Pour mixture into the film container through the top lid opening Tap the container 2-3 times against sink to release air bubbles Look at the chart on the wall to check the processing time for your image Rotate tank for the first 30 sec and 5 sec for every min When complete,dump D-76 developer in the sink. After, is the stop bath, add 10 oz of water to container and shake for 30 seconds. Dump water down the sink.
Fixer: Add 10 oz of fixer to container. Set timer for 5 min, agitate 10 sec for every minute. Dump fixer into recycled fixer jug.
(Left) Wash: Remove the container top and put the reel in the hurricane washer (Right)Photo Flo: Soak in photo flo for 30 sec
Dryer: Attach a pin to the film with your name and then attach a silver weight at the bottom. Place the film in the dryer and let dry for 24 hours.
Once the film is dry, cut the film to fit in the clear sleeves.
Make sure there is a contrast filter in the enlarger. This will determine the contrast of the image. Make sure your enlarger is off while doing this!
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Make sure the light is on f/8 and grab an easel to put the film on top of photo paper and turn the enlarger light on for 12-15 seconds.
Printing: Get a negative carrier and put the picture you want to print in it. Negative carriers holds the film (negative or transparency) under the light source.
Turn on enlarger and get focus paper and use a grain focuser to make sure the photo is focused. After the photo is focused you can print.
Make sure to make a test strip before printing your actual photo so that you know how many seconds you need to expose your image for. By using burn and dodge tools you can lighten (dodge) an area on the print or increase the exposure to darken areas on a print.
Processed with VSCO with c1 preset
Processed with VSCO with c1 preset
Processed with VSCO with c1 preset
Processed with VSCO with c1 preset
Processed with VSCO with c1 preset
To develop your picture put the image into the corresponding chemicals following the order and the given time each image has to be in the chemical
After you finish developing your image, take it out of the water and hold up your image to the glass plate and use the squeegee to remove the excess water from the image
Once the photo is finished processing you put it in the dryer gently and you don’t push it in.
Processed with VSCO with c1 preset
Dry mounting works by placing wax paper between the photograph and the mount board. It is then placed in a special press that will apply pressure either mechanically or with a vacuum to press the artwork against the mount board while applying a high temperature to activate the adhesive in the tissue
Photogram: Is an image made without a camera where we placed items on top of photo paper. We then exposed it to light with the enlarger which showed the negative shadow. We then processed it and were happy with the results.
Processed with VSCO with g3 preset
Processed with VSCO with g3 preset
Pinhole camera: We used the Iphone case box and made a hole. We covered the inside of the camera with black paper so it wouldn’t be exposed to light. We put tape over it so it could be our viewing screen. We then made our camera ‘light-tight’ so we covered it with aluminum foil. Then we flipped the paper when we were ready to take a picture so the photo light can be exposed.
Storytelling: We did a shoot using 5 polaroids to tell a story. Each image was different meaning it consisted of different poses but when looked as at a whole, the images told a story. Our first image was of a girl standing over a bush of flowers and thinking to herself whether or not she should pluck it. The second image shows the girl plucking the flower. In the 3rd image she started plucking the petals off the flower. In 4th image she is staring at the petals that fell on the ground and the last image shows the girl stepping on the petals. Together these images told the story of a girl who decided to play the “he loves me, he loves me not” game but in the end she realized that she didn’t need the love of someone else because she loves herself.
3-Point lighting: Is when you light your model from different sources in order to control the shadows and balance the contrasts. Key-light shines directly on the model. Back-light creates the rim of light like a halo on the model separating them from the background. Hair-light brings out highlights in the hair
Shutter speed is responsible for creating effects by either freezing action or blurring motion. It is the the exposure time which is the length of time the camera shutter is exposed to light. When the shutter speed is fast it can help to freeze action completely at f/4 @1/1600. When it’s slow moving objects appear blurred along the direction of the motion at f/8 @ 1/50.
Aperture: Is the opening of the lens and is measured in f stops. The larger the hole the more light gets in and the smaller the hole the less the light. The depth of field is that amount of of your shot that will be in focus. With shallow depth of field is when only part of the picture will be in focus and the rest blurry at f/2.8. Deep depth of field is when the entire photo is focused.

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