Agronomy Crops, weeds and seeds

Let's talk crops!

Everything that grows starts out as a seed.

Corn

An ear of corn averages 800 kernels in 16 rows.

A pound of corn consists of about 1,300 kernels.

Today, each U.S. farmer produces food and fiber for 155 people in the United States and abroad.

A corn plant can be anywhere from 5 to 12 feet tall, on average 8 ft tall by midsummer and a healthy corn’s roots can reach 6 ½ feet into the ground!

Different corn plants have different numbers of ears, but some might have 2-3 ears!

Silks on corn are essential for pollen from the tassels to fertilize the plant. If its too hot, silks can dry out and not fertilize all sites on a corn cob, thus resulting in a gap on the ear of corn where no kernels developed because they weren’t fertilized.

Soybeans

Soybeans are the world's foremost provider of protein and oil.

Soybeans are a legume plant related to clover, peas and alfalfa.

A 60-pound bushel of soybeans yields about 48 pounds of protein-rich meal and 11 pounds of oil.

More soybeans are grown in the United States than any other country in the world.

Farmers plant soybeans in late spring.

During the summer, soybeans flower and produce 60-80 pods, each holding three pea-sized beans.

In the early fall, farmers harvest their crop for soybeans.

The state flower of Kansas is the sunflower! Sunflower seeds are also a great snack!

Sorghum

Sorghum is a coarse, upright growing grass that is used for both grain and forage production. Grain sorghum is shorter and has been bred for higher grain yields.

Grain sorghum is also called "milo" and is a major feed grain for cattle.

Sorghum has a very hard kernel, which makes it resistant to disease and damage but harder to digest for animals.

Sorghum is ground, cracked, steam flaked, and/or roasted. It can be cooked like rice, made into porridge, baked into flatbreads and popped like popcorn.

Wheat

Six classes bring order to about 30 thousand varieties of wheat. They are: Hard Red Winter, Hard Red Spring, Soft Red Winter, Durum, Hard White and Soft White.

More foods are made with wheat than any other cereal grain.

One bushel of wheat contains approximately one million individual kernels.

One bushel of wheat weighs approximately 60 pounds.

One bushel of wheat yields approximately 42 pounds of white flour.

One bushel of wheat yields approximately 60 pounds of whole-wheat flour.

A bushel of wheat yields 42 commercial loaves of white bread (one-and-a-half pound loaves).

Remember, the farmer plants the seeds!

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