Female Pharaohs AMberlea Gryp

Cleopatra VII she was about 17 years old and had no son and had to marry her younger brother. Cleopatra tried to keep Egypt's independence during a time of Roman domination by allying herself romantically with Roman commanders Julius Caesar and Mark Anthony. She had a son, Caesarion, supposed to be fathered by Julius Caesar. When she died, Egypt's rule passed into the hands of Rome.

Cleopatra I was married to Ptolemy V was part of a peace negotiation with her father. The Egyptians called her "the Syrian." Cleopatra I was appointed regent for her son, and ruled as sole ruler until her son came of age. Her name preceded that of her son in many of the documents between her husband's death and 176 BCE, apparently the year that she died.

Tausret was chief wife of Seti II and when Seti II died, Tausret served as regent for his son, Siptah so Tausret was his stepmother. He died about six years into his reign, and Tausret seems to have served as Pharaoh for two to four years, using kingly titles for herself.

Nefertiti the claim that Nefertiti ruled after the death of her husband, Akhenaton. Based on the theory that she assumed the name Smenkhkare after his death. Even though she did not rule, during her husband's reign she was accorded more honor than usual for a Great Wife, and is sometimes depicted as a co-equal officiant at ceremonies.

Hatshepsut, widow of Thutmosis II, she ruled first as regent for his minor stepson and heir, and then as Pharaoh. She wore a fake beard and with the objects that a Pharaoh is usually depicted with, and in male attire, after a few years of ruling in female form. She disappears suddenly from history, and her stepson may have ordered the destruction of images of Hatshepsut and mentions of her rule.

Ahmose-Nefertari wife and sister of the dynasty's founder Ahmose I, and mother of the second king, Amenhotep I, Ahmose-Nefertari served as co-regent during her son's minority and co-regent with her grandson Thuthmosis I during his minority. "She was the first to hold the title of God's wife of Amun."

Ashotep- Mother of the founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty and New Kingdom, Ahmose I. Ahmose I credited her in an inscription with holding the nation together during his minority, when she seems to have been regent for her son.

Sobeknefru- She was the daughter of Amenemhet III and half-sister of Amenemhet IV and also his wife. She claimed to have been co-regent with her father. The dynasty ends with her reign, as she apparently had no son. She only ruled for a few years. Titles found with her image include Female Horus, King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Daughter of Re.

Neithhikret- She is known only through a story in Herodotus and several brief mentions of her name elsewhere, but there is no other historical or archaeological evidence for her existence, much less ruler-ship.

Ankhnesmeryre II or Ankh-Meri-Ra- She may have served as regent for her son, Pepi II, who was about six when he assumed the throne when Pepi I (her husband, his father) died. A statue of Ankhnesmeryre II as nurturing mother, holding the hand of her child, is in the Brooklyn Museum.

Wife of Djedkare-Izezi- In the 1950s, a mortuary temple was excavated, though the excavation remains unpublished. Royal insignia were found related to the wife of Djedkare-Izezi. She may have had no son and ruled as king.

Khentkaus- King's Mother" and "God's Daughter," Khentkaus was characterized in an inscription as the mother of "Two Kings of Upper and Lower Egypt. She may have served as a regent for a time.

Nimaethap or Ni-Maat-Heb (picture isn't really her.)- "Nimaethap (Ni-Maat-Heb) was identified as "King's Mother" of Djoser, who was probably the second king of the Third Dynasty, the builder of the step pyramid at Saqqara. She may have served as regent for him."

Meryt-Neith- Wife of Djet, Mother of Den. Her tomb is with the tombs of other First Dynasty Pharaohs, she was buried with honors usually used for kings including a boat to travel to the next world. Never was it in records that she had ruled.

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