The Start of the Industrial Revolution By melissa wong

The Industrial Revolution is a change in the way people lived, worked and, produced and manufactured goods: from human labour to less people working because of machinery.

A reason the Industrial Revolution started in Britain was the way Britain was positioned on the globe which lead to the Scientific Revolution. Britain is an isolated island, away from wars of neighbouring countries and the world, therefore having peace and stability for scholars and craftspeople to contemplate and apply new scientific ways of thinking and create new innovations, such as the steam engine which powered many machines.

(Left to Right) (1) Great Britain map during Industrial Revolution, (2) Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton gin which helped the cotton industry of the Industrial Revolution.

The revolution also started in Britain because of its inland rivers that were easy to navigate and well developed system of canals. This helped trade and transport for goods across Britain. Their transportation system also included the new form of technology: the steam engine, which helped make land transport economical. Materials could be sent to its factories and the finished product can then be sent to the markets.

Another reason that the Industrial Revolution started in Britain was its financial stability when establishing the Bank of England. This meant any proposed idea to built a machine could be invested into and be created. More businessmen would be willing to take this risk and therefore more machines could be made and experimented with.

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