Health Issues By: Taylor and Payton

Mouth cancer

What is mouth cancer: Cancer that develops in any part of the mouth.

Oral cancer can be hereditary. Though the main risk factors are behavioral, such as using tobacco products, people can also inherit conditions that put them at high risk of developing oral cancer.

About mouth cancer: On average 49,670 people will get oral cavity or oropharyngeal cancer.

An estimated 9,700 people will die of these cancers.

Where at: The tongue, The tonsils and oropharynx, The gums, floor of the mouth, and other parts of the mouth.

Lung Cancer

What is lung caner: A cancer that begins in the lungs and most often occurs in people who smoke.

Inherited mutations alone are not thought to cause very many lung cancers much of the time it is the behavior of the person and how well they treat their body.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women in the United States.

It is also the leading cause of cancer death among men and the second leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide.

Low- and middle-income countries now account for more than 50 % of lung cancer deaths each year.

Healthy lung vs. cancerous lung

Skin Cancer

What is skin cancer: The abnormal growth of skin cells they can be shown on the body of a person.

Most skin cancer is caused by the sun, or something like a tanning bed only about 5-10% of all skin cancers are inherited.

Each year in the U.S. over 5.4 million cases of skin cancer are treated in more than 3.3 million people.

One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in the course of a lifetime.

Between 40 and 50 percent of Americans who live to age 65 will have some type of skin cancer.

Diabetes

What is diabetes: A disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood.

Type 1 Diabetes. In most cases of type 1 diabetes, people need to inherit risk factors from both parents.

In 2012, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the population, had diabetes.

Approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1 diabetes.

Of the 29.1 million, 21.0 million were diagnosed, and 8.1 million were undiagnosed.

The percentage of Americans age 65 and older remains high, at 25.9%, or 11.2 million seniors (diagnosed and undiagnosed).

1.4 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every year.

Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2010, with 69,071 death certificates listing it as the underlying cause of death, and a total of 234,051 death certificates listing diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death.

PKU

What is PKU: PHENYLKETONURIA (COMMONLY KNOWN AS PKU) IS AN INHERITED DISORDER THAT INCREASES THE LEVELS OF A SUBSTANCE CALLED PHENYLALANINE IN THE BLOOD.

PKU is inherited in families in an autosomal recessive pattern.

Phenylalanine is a building block of proteins.

There are regional variations in the birth statistics of Phenylketonuria: on average, about 1 in 15,000 births have PKU, but it can be as high as 1 in 5,000.

There is a 1 in 4 chance of having a PKU baby when both parents are carriers.

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