The cotton gin was made in 1793 and it was made by Eli Whitney. It helped people make cotton 50x times faster than how they handpicked all the seeds. That led a lot of inventors to come out with stuff that made production go faster. Than that led to the inventions of factories.
Rapid industrial development has been a curse because slavery increased, child labor, and they were poor working conditions in the factory.
Slave Population Increased
Slavery is very bad according to a lot of people. But, some people liked it and most of the people that liked it were in the south. Slavery was very popular in the south. It took up a majority of the south's population, even before the slave population increasing because of cotton. Slaves were used for all sorts of things. One of the very popular jobs a slave would do would be in a field planting or gathering items that have been planted. That was very popular with all the different products that the slaves planted. But, then cotton came around and it was very expensive. It was also very hard to make. They had to handpick all of the seeds from the cotton, that process of planting, gathering, and hand picking the seeds out of the cotton was a very tough job. So, slave owners wanted to get more cotton in a less amount of time. So, they bought more slaves since that would allow them to make more cotton in a shorter amount of time. Then the cotton gin came around and made cotton 50 times faster than the slaves could make it. But still, the slaveowners wanted more slaves to make cotton. Then the slaveowners earned more money since they had more cotton. So, the slave population increased and as a lot of people would agree, this was a curse because the slave population increased and like a lot of people would say, slavery was really bad.
Slaves making cotton with the cotton gin
In the north a ton of factories were made to help the production of manufactured goods and more things that they made in factories. But, the factories needed worker. So, the perfect people to do it were children and women. But, children are the main focus here. So, they hired a lot of young kids to work in the factories. But, a lot of people would with that idea is not right. That's because children are very young and are not very skilled. They also don't need/deserve to be working at their very young age. This was a very harsh decision that the owners of the factories made. This made me wonder why they couldn't just have men work in the factories. That's because first of all it makes a lot more sense since than having the kids working in the factories because the men could be more productive and they would be quicker with their tasks that they would be assigned to accomplish. Also, the factories are very harmful/unsafe for kids. They could easily break a bone or injure themselves in a way because of some of the kind of machines they have in the factories. Also, they had young girls in the factories working and they are more harmed because the factories owners would care about them less than how they would care for the little boys in the factory. That's because girls didn't have a lot of freedom in the 1800s and the early 1900s. So, that put little girls at a very big risk if they were to work in factories. Some workers were as young as 4 years old and they had to work 16 hours a day.
Young Girl Workng in a Factory
Poor Working Conditions
Factories were very unsafe when they were first made. There was a very high risk of getting hurt or catching a disease. In the factory, the workers weren't allowed to wash their hands. So, that meant that it spread a lot of germs and a lot of worker could've gotten sicken from picking up the diseases. The workers had to get up really early to get to work, since that's what their "boss" demanded. The factories didn't have air conditions, so that caused it to be really hot or cold in the factories depending on the weather. Also, the factorie owners constantly yelled at their worker and that put a lot of pressure on the workers. Also, an incident took place where girls got trapped in a fire. Then they were on a high point inside the building and then they got trapped. So, they had no choice but to jump out of the buildings and into their deaths. The fire was caused by a cigarette landing into a clothes bin and then the clothes bin caught on fire. Then guess what, the whole building was on fire. So this shows that the factorie owners were not smart since they let them smoke a cigarette in the building.
Women Working in a Factory
Tierra del Lago cigar factory, 1909. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/213709. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.
MLAAPAHarvardChicago Manual of Style "Harper’s Weekly”: black slaves working the first cotton gin. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 19 Sep. 2016. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/181816. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017
Textile: textile worker in U.S., 1908. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/180244. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017
Feminism: women factory workers, about 1910. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/124168. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.
United States history." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 11 Nov. 2016. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/United-States-history/277511#328152.toc. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.
Child labor." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/child-labor/273637. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.
Sweatshop." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 28 Jun. 2013. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/sweatshop/337782. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.