C6H1206 + 602 --> 6CO2 + 6H20 + 38 ATP
TYPE OF REACTION
meaning bigger molecules are split or broken down into smaller molecules
it releases energy whereas anabolic builds new molecules and/or stores energy
major steps in glycolysis
1st step in both cellular respiration and fermentation // occurs in both aerobic (oxygen) and anaerobic (without oxygen) pathways // takes place in the cytoplasm // occurs in all living organisms (prokaryote and eukaryote)
glucose (6 carbon sugar) is taken and turned into two molecules of pyruvate (3 carbon molecule) // travels to cytoplasm and receives two phosphate groups from two different molecules of ATP //
major inputs >> 2 ATP & 2 NAD+ & glucose // major outputs >> 2 pyruvates & 4 ATP (2 net) & 2 NADH+
major steps in Krebs cycle
2nd step in cellular respiration // takes place in mitochondria // cytosol of prokaryotic and mitochondria of eukaryote //
major inputs >> acetyl CoA & ADP + P & 3 NAD & FAD // major outputs >> Co2 & ATP & 3 NADH+ & FADH2
Electron Transport Chain
occurs in the cristae of the mitochondria // occurs in eukaryote // high energy electrons that came from Krebs cycle are used to convert ADP into ATP
major inputs >> NADH & FADH2 // major outputs >> ATP & NAD+ & FAD & H20
Importance of Cellular Respiration
It is important locally because it provides the organism energy to perform all the necessary functions to survive.
Cellular respiration is important globally because some organisms aren't capable of performing the aerobic process and therefore allows them to perform anaerobic processes.
"Why is cellular respiration important?" Reference. N.a., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2017.