What Is Sexual Assault?
Sexual assault is any sexual contact that occurs without consent from the victim. It can happen to anyone, anywhere. Sexual assault includes rape, attempted rape, unwanted touching, and forcing the victim into certain sexual acts. The perpetrator can use physical and and psychological force in order for the victim to comply. Perpetrators can range from total strangers to a close friend or family member.
Here is a pie chart representing the percentages of the relationship between the victim and the perpetrator.
Here is a chart representing the different ages of sexual assault victims and which groups are at a higher risk.
High School & College Sexual Assault
- Approximately 19% of women are sexual assaulted during their time at college.
- 5-6% of men experience sexual assault at college.
- About 12% of college student survivors have reported to have been sexually assaulted to police.
- 12% of high school girls have reported to have been raped.
- 60% of high school boys believe that it is okay to force sex on someone under certain circumstances.
- Only about half of high school rape victims report the crimes to police or administrators.
Here is a graph representing the types of students who are more likely to be sexually assaulted. It also shows the data for both male and females to show the differences between the genders.
The following statistics contain information about sexual assault towards certain minority groups on high school and college campuses.
- Gay and bisexual men are over 10 times more likely to experience sexual harassment than straight men.
- 46% of bisexual women have been sexually assaulted, while 13% of lesbian women have been sexually assaulted.
- 17% of straight women have been sexually harassed.
- 21% of transgender people have been reported to have been sexually assaulted, 25% report to have been assaulted after the age of 13.
People of Color
- Approximately 34% of multiracial women, 27% of Alaska Native/American Indian women, 22% of black women and 14.6% of Hispanic women are survivors of sexual violence.
- 21-55% of Asian American women have experienced sexual assault.
- Nearly one third of multi-racial men have claimed to be sexually violated in their lifetime.
- 22.6% of Black men have reported that they have experienced sexual harassment.
People With Disabilities
- Disabled individuals are three times more likely to be sexually assaulted then people who do not identify as disabled.
- Women with disabilities are raped and abused at a rate at least twice that of the general population of women.
- Among adults who are developmentally disabled, as many as 83% of the females and 32% of the males are victims of sexual assault.
- 34% of college survivors have experienced Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
- 33% of college survivors have experienced depression.
- 40% of college survivors have become victims of drug and alcohol abuse.
- Rape results in about 32,000 pregnancies each year.
- 31.5% of women and 16.1% of men who have been sexually assaulted have reported to have physical injuries.
- 36.2% of female victims have received medical treatment.
- 33% of female victims contemplate suicide, while 13% attempt it.
What Causes Rape?
- Some believe that sexual assault is caused by many factors, including:
- Revealing clothing
- Being in the wrong place at the wrong time
- Walking home alone
- Not being careful enough
- What actually causes sexual assault: