The 16th baptist church was located in Birmingham Alabama. According to Martin Luther King, the church was one of the main places used as a rally point for civil rights actives.
On September 15 1963 three girls were brutally murdered due to massive amount of dynamite planted in 16th street baptist church where they were in the basement bathroom getting ready for a sermon.
Many of the civil rights protest marches that took place in Birmingham during the 1960s began at the steps of the 16th Street Baptist Church, and also was a routine meeting place for civil rights organizers like King.By 1863, homemade bombs set off in Birmingham's black homes and churches were such a common occurrences that the city had earned the name Birmingham. KKK members had routinely called in bomb threats intended to disrupt civil rights meetings as well as services at the church.
Before the start of the 11 am service,when the bomb went off on the church’s east side, spraying bricks from the front of the church and caving in its walls. Most people were able to evacuate the building as it filled with smoke, but the bodies of four young girls(14 year old Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley and Carole Robertson and 11 year old Denise McNair) were found beneath the rubble in a basement restroom.
The 16th Street Baptist Church was the third bombing in 11 days, after a federal court order had come down forcing the integration of the Alabama school district, This was one of the main reason for the bombings.
After the bombing thousands of angry black protesters gathered at the scene of the bombing. When Governor Wallace sent police and state troopers to break the protests up, violence broke out across the city, a number of protesters were arrested, and two young African American men were killed
Though Birmingham’s white supremacists (and even certain individuals) were immediately suspected in the bombing, repeated calls for the perpetrators to be brought to justice went unanswered for more than a decade. It was later revealed that the FBI had information concerning the identity of the bombers by 1965 and did nothing.
In 1977, Alabama Attorney General Bob Baxley reopened the investigation and Klan leader Robert E. Chambliss was brought to trial for the bombings and convicted of murder. The case was again reopened in 1980, 1988 and 1997, when two other former Klan members, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Frank Cherry, were finally brought to trial. Blanton was convicted in 2001 and Cherry in 2002. A fourth suspect, Herman Frank Cash, died in 1994 before he could be brought to trial.