The Birth of the United States Army By: Michael Wells

KEY NOTE: The U.S. Army was founded on 14 June 1775, when the Continental Congress authorized enlistment of riflemen to serve the United Colonies for one year.

When the American Revolution broke out, the rebellious colonies did not possess an army in the modern sense. Rather, therevolutionaries fielded an amateur force of colonial troops, cobbled together from various New England militia companies.

Volunteers from the colonies came forward to fight.

In the spring of 1775, this “army” was about to confront British troops near Boston, Massachusetts. The revolutionaries had to re-organize their forces quickly if they were to stand a chance against Britain’s seasoned professionals.

The state of Massachusetts appealed to The Congress of Philadelphia to have control of the N. England Army.

John Adams came into a play in terms of creating a draft to rally up riflemen to support the Army which cost millions.

PROMINENT FIGURES

George Washington
John Adams
Andrew Jackson

Then at last, the 1st United States President and Commander-In-Chief of the Continental Army, George Washington took his place in history on June 3, 1775.

In which this led to the historic American Revolutionary War between the Colonist and British Government which represented the Crown.

This war essentially was fought over the basic conception of INDEPENDENCE. Later on, France entered the war aiding the colonist in 1778. Now instead of a civil war, if you will, it became something HUGE... An international conflict.

After the Continental Army was assisted by the French, the Brits surrendered in Yorktown in 1781 ending with the Americans gaining their independence.

BUT here is the kicker, the war would not formally end until 1783!

KEY EVENTS IN BETWEEN THE WAR:

DECLARING INDEPENDENCE (1775-76)

SARATOGA: REVOLUTIONARY WAR TURNING POINT (1777-78)

STALEMATE IN THE NORTH, BATTLE IN THE SOUTH (1778-81)

REFERENCES:

http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/american-revolution-history

http://www.campaign1776.org/revolutionary-war/key-figures-patriots.html

http://www.history.army.mil/html/faq/birth.html

Created By
Michael Wells
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