PRE COLONIAL MALE ROLES (source Matthew Weymer)
-Men were allowed to abuse their women and get away with it. Women were just property for them
-Go to war
-Provide for their family
"No matter how prosperous a man was, if he was unable to rule his women and his children (and especially his women) he was not really a man." (Achebe 53)
"Okonkwo ruled his household with a heavy hand. His wives, especially the youngest, lives in perpetual fear of his fiery temper, and so did his little children." (Achebe 13)
POST COLONIAL MALE ROLES (source:http://www.nairaland.com/3282752/1930s-igbo-men-elaborate-hairstyles/8)
-Men USED to control almost everything in the Igbo culture (that changed).
-Not as dominant
-No longer in control of women
-Still worked on agriculture
PRECOLONIAL WOMEN ROLES (source:http://exhibitions.nypl.org/africanaage/essay-resistance.html)
-Women were considered weaker than men
-Endowed with qualities that make them worthy of worship
-Ability to bear children
-The dominant role for women was first to make a pure bride for an honorable man.
-Women did not have education in post colonial time
-They cook, clean, and maintain the household.
"Even as a little boy he had resented his father’s failure and weakness, and even now he still remembered how he had suffered when a playmate had told him that his father was agbala. That was how Okonkwo first came to know that agbala was not only another name for a woman, it could also mean a man who had taken to title "(Achebe 13).
"His mother and sisters worked hard enough, but they grew women’s crops, like coco-yams, beans and cassava. Yam, the king of crops, was a man’s crop. " (Achebe 22-23)
POST COLONIAL WOMEN ROLES (source, http://ibthingsfallapart.weebly.com)
-Women can actually have roles now
-They can get more educated than before
-Men couldn't beat them anymore
-Men and Women can be in their own hut
-Earned economic rights
-Now have freedom to talk back to their partner and come to an agreement
" Anyone seeing cheielo in ordinary life would hardest believe she was the same person who brought prophesied when the spirt of agbala was upon her" ( Achebe 49)