Music in 1960's
"The "British Invasion" also began around 1963 with the arrival of The Beatles on the music scene and the type of rabid fandom that followed them would change the way people would view and interact with music and musicians forever" (Pearson 1). "The "Motown Sound" and popular R&B music had a major significance in terms of the Civil Rights movements integration in American society during the sixties" (Pearson 4). "Some other popular Motown and 60's R&B artists include The Temptations, the Marvelettes, The Four Tops, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, Aretha Franklin, and the Jackson Five" (Pearson 4).
"Democrat John F. Kennedy wins the U.S. Presidential Election after defeating Republican Richard Nixon"(Pearson 5). "The United States decides to send 3,500 U.S. troops to Vietnam" (Pearson 8).
"The Bay of Pigs invasion is an unsuccessful U.S. backed operation to overthrow Fidel Castro in Cuba" (Pearson 12). "Construction on the Berlin Wall begins in an effort to separate East and West Berlin" (Pearson 11).
"The Beatles release their first single, "Love Me Do," in the United Kingdom" (Pearson 18 ). "The Cuban Missile Crisis has the world on the edge of another World War as the United States and USSR come close to launching nuclear attacks" (Pearson 15).
"United States President John F. Kennedy is assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald" (Pearson 20). U.S. Civil Rights Leader Martin Luther Kind Jr. gives his famous "I Have a Dream" speech" (Pearson 21).
"Sidney Poitier wins the Academy Award for "Best Actor" becoming the first black actor to win that honor" (Pearson 27). "United States President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law" (Pearson 25).
"The Vietnam War escalates and opposition to it begins to mount as anti-Vietnam protests become more common" (Pearson 33). "The Voting Rights Act is signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson" (Pearson 30).
"The first episode of the popular television show "Star Trek" airs" (Pearson 35). "The soviet Union's Luna 9 unmanned spacecraft lands on the Moon" (Pearson 36).
"The Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs play against each other in the first Super Bowl, with the Packers winning 35 to 10"(Pearson 41). "The 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified" (Pearson 43).
"Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in April by James Earl Ray" (Pearson 45). Richard Nixon wins the United States presidential election" (Pearson 48).
"Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first men to arrive on the Moon during NASA's Apollo 11 mission" (Pearson 50). "The popular children's television show "Sesame Street" debuts" (Pearson 53).
"By 1962, some governments had already launched satellites, largely to carry out extraterrestrial experiments" (Tech 8). "The satellite is less than three feet long but weighs about 170 pounds and used solar power when it was in service" (Tech 9). "The 60s market the spread of direct dialing technology, allowing folks to reach a friend outside their local area without the help of an operator" (Tech 27). "Direct dialing may seem a trivial advancement when viewed from afar, but it majorly progressed the telephone's ultimate mission; connection people instantly, regardless of the space between them" (Tech 30).
"It must be noted that while arts originating in the East and the Southern hemisphere were often in dialogue with Western trends, the regions' differing social and political concerns, especially under the Cold War and communism, dominated art production" (Baumgardner 2). "While Pop is seen widely as an American export much like Coca-Cola, in Germany Sigmar Polke deeply impacted the course of painting by removing many of its associations with rational Kantian aesthetics, thereby pointing out the subjectivity and immediacy of the medium" (Baumgardner 7).
"U.S. retail buyers had 266 different models to choose from, with a standard price spread of $1,795 for a Rambler American sedan to $13,075 for the limited-edition Cadillac Eldorado Brougham" (Phipps 2). "The 4-door sedan was still the best seller, but station wagons were increasing in popularity and ranked second in all sales over the sportier 2-door vehicle" (Phipps 3). "Although alternators had been used extensively in vehicles like taxis, police cars and other vehicles with numerous gadgets and accessories, installing an alternator in a family car like the Chrysler Variant was a first" (Phipps 5).
"The Twist was a rock and roll dance popular in the early 1960s named after the song that originated it, The Twist" (Hoffman 2). "The Mashed Potato is a dance move which was a popular dance craze of 1962" (Hoffman 7). "The Monster Mash came out around the same time that the song "The mashed potatoes" was popular ... and it was a variation" (Hoffman 10). "The Monkey, the Dog, the frug---everyone at BYU was doing them; that is, until President Wilkinson gave a controversial speech at the beginning of the year banning all fad dances" (Hoffman 12). "The Madison is a line dance that features a regular back-and-forth pattern interspersed with called steps" (Hoffman 15).
"A great show for the kids on 60s television was the Alvin show featuring Alvin and the Chipmunk" (Hoffman 5). "Bonanza was the first color western and one of the longest running TV shows" (Hoffman 12). "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In is an American sketch comedy television program which ran for 140 episodes from January 22, 1968, to May 14, 1973" (Hoffman 40).
"Thrillers like Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho and John Frankenheimer's The Manchurian Candidate are considered classics as in Stanley Kubrick's Spartacus, Dr. Strangelove, and 2001: A Space Odyssey" (Movie Info 2). "Movies like Midnight Cowboy and Easy Rider were gritty films that introduced Dustin-Hoffman, Jon voight, Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper and Jack Nicholson to the world" (Hoffman 3). "These films, which wouldn't even get made now, were actually popular movies of the 1960s" (Hoffman 3).