African Slaves- people bought and shipped from Africa to work on plantations
Headright system- You received land if you brought slaves because there was a labor shortage
Indentured servants- African workers who worked on plantations for a period then were set free
New York Slave Revolt- Slaves protesting unjusticeness by harm
American Anti-Slavery Society- defined the constistution to be proslavery
David Walker- Editor of The Liberator, a American Anti-Slavery Society founder
Denmark Vessey- freed blake man who attempted a slave rebellion
Fredrick Douglass-Anti-Slavery society founder.
Eli Whitney- Cotton gin:increased slavery
Fugitive Slave laws-Salves could be recaptured by slave owners from new law
Gabriel Prosser-first armed slave rebellion
Grimke Sisters- Main focus on abolition
Harriet Beecher Stowe-abolitionist author
Harriet Tubman-a leader of the underground railroad
Missouri Compromise- Missouri would be a slave state and new state under it could be slave
Nat Turner-Led a slave revolt
Peculiar Institution-Anti-slavery used the constitution to define why slavery should be banned
Positive Good-Slavery wasn't actually evil, economically benefitting
Sojourner Truth-leading abolitionist, freed slave
Tallmadge Admendment- unpassed bill that prohibited further slaves into Missouri and slaves offsprings to be free
Wage Slaves-south called North factory workers
William Lloyd Garrison: writer of The liberator
Black codes-Laws phobiting African-Americans from doing things in the south post civil war
Civil Rights Acts-gave blacks more rights
Crittenden Compromise-This plan was a proposal to reestablish the Missouri Compromise line and extend it westward to the Pacific coast. Slavery would be prohibited north or the line and permitted south of the line. Lincoln veto'd
David Walker-freed slave; wrote Appeal to the Colored Citzens of the World.He believed that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt.
Dred Scott vs Sanford-Slave case declaring all slaves noncitzens
Emancipation Proclamation-end of slavery, written by Lincoln. Caused GB to stop aiding south
Free Soil Party-anti-slavery
Freedmen's Bureau-help blacks get on their feet after the war:welfare
Freeport Doctrine-One of Douglas's speeches when debating Lincoln. Made him loss 1860 election.
Fugitive Slave act- Stated in the compromise of 1850, plantation owners can retrieve runaway slaves in North
Harpers Ferry-Where John Brown planned to gather slaves to capture the south; seized arsenal
Hinton Helper-Book attempted to prove that indirectly the non-slave holding whites were the ones who suffered the most from slavery. Banned in South
Jim Crow Laws-Southern laws seperating blacks from whites
John Brown-radical military abolitionist. In-charge of "Bleeding Kansas"
Kansa-Nebraska Act-Suspension of Missouri Compromise allowing Kansas and Nebraska to choose free or slave
KKK and Force Acts-Presidental acts for military to punish southern extremist like KKK (anti-blacks) kkk was mostly confederate military leaders
Lecompton Constitution-Kansas's proslavery constitution approved by presidents but not congress; making it unofficial.
Liberty Party-first antislavery political party,tipped the 1844 election in favor of Democrat James Polk.
Peculiar Institution:attempt to justify slavery
Popular Sovereignty- Each state got to choose free or slave
Role of blacks in Spanish-American War- One of the first black regiments. Men did the worst of the worst and had the worst tools
Role of freedmen in Civil War-Joined union military
William Lloyd Garrison-help founded the American Anti-Slavery Socity, published "The Liberator"
Wilmot Proviso- amendment stating territory from Mexico is free, won in house twice but not in Senate
Booker T. Washington:A former slave. Encouraged blacks to keep to themselves and focus on the daily tasks of survival. Learn Trades
Kansas Fever:"exodus of 1879" first migration of blacks following the Civil War
Tuskegee Institute:black educational institution founded by Booker T. Washington to provide training in agriculture and crafts
WEB DuBois:demanded complete equality for blacks, social as well as economic, and helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Harlem renaissance-black artistic movement, expression of injustices like the jim crow laws
Marcus Garvey-believed blacks should return to Africa because they would never be treated fairly in a country run by whites
KKK-resurfaced, most extreme expression of nativism in 1920s
African American roles in ww2- had the first combat units
Segregated units in ww1- blacks deemed unfit for front lines