Blacks key concept

Period 1

Barbados slave codes-allowed selling of slaves

Portuguese slave trade-transatlantic, first country to participate in trade

Royal African Company- Mercantile company of African border

Stono Slave revolt-against laws suppressing them as slaves, largest rebellion

Period 2

African Slaves- people bought and shipped from Africa to work on plantations

Crispus Attucks was the first colonist to be killed in the Boston Massacre

Headright system- You received land if you brought slaves because there was a labor shortage

Indentured servants- African workers who worked on plantations for a period then were set free

New York Slave Revolt- Slaves protesting unjusticeness by harm

Plantation system- big farmers where cash crops was harvested

Period 3

3/5th compromise- how much each slave counted for House Represenatives

Northwest Ordinance-no slaves in the new territories

territorial areas in the ordinance

Quakers and first anti-slavery society- founded by quakers

Slave trade compromise- restriction on slave trade before outlawing it

Period 4

Abolitionist-anti-slavery speakers

American Anti-Slavery Society- defined the constistution to be proslavery

David Walker- Editor of The Liberator, a American Anti-Slavery Society founder

Denmark Vessey- freed blake man who attempted a slave rebellion

Fredrick Douglass-Anti-Slavery society founder.

Eli Whitney- Cotton gin:increased slavery

Fugitive Slave laws-Salves could be recaptured by slave owners from new law

Gabriel Prosser-first armed slave rebellion

Grimke Sisters- Main focus on abolition

Harriet Beecher Stowe-abolitionist author

Harriet Tubman-a leader of the underground railroad

Missouri Compromise- Missouri would be a slave state and new state under it could be slave

Nat Turner-Led a slave revolt

Peculiar Institution-Anti-slavery used the constitution to define why slavery should be banned

Positive Good-Slavery wasn't actually evil, economically benefitting

Sojourner Truth-leading abolitionist, freed slave

Tallmadge Admendment- unpassed bill that prohibited further slaves into Missouri and slaves offsprings to be free

Underground Railroad-set of route that slaves would go through to get north, to freedom

Wage Slaves-south called North factory workers

William Lloyd Garrison: writer of The liberator

period 5

Black codes-Laws phobiting African-Americans from doing things in the south post civil war

Civil Rights Acts-gave blacks more rights

Crittenden Compromise-This plan was a proposal to reestablish the Missouri Compromise line and extend it westward to the Pacific coast. Slavery would be prohibited north or the line and permitted south of the line. Lincoln veto'd

David Walker-freed slave; wrote Appeal to the Colored Citzens of the World.He believed that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt.

Dred Scott vs Sanford-Slave case declaring all slaves noncitzens

Emancipation Proclamation-end of slavery, written by Lincoln. Caused GB to stop aiding south

Free Soil Party-anti-slavery

Freedmen's Bureau-help blacks get on their feet after the war:welfare

Freeport Doctrine-One of Douglas's speeches when debating Lincoln. Made him loss 1860 election.

Fugitive Slave act- Stated in the compromise of 1850, plantation owners can retrieve runaway slaves in North

Harpers Ferry-Where John Brown planned to gather slaves to capture the south; seized arsenal

Harriet Beecher Stowe-wrote Uncle Tom's cabin

Hinton Helper-Book attempted to prove that indirectly the non-slave holding whites were the ones who suffered the most from slavery. Banned in South

Jim Crow Laws-Southern laws seperating blacks from whites

John Brown-radical military abolitionist. In-charge of "Bleeding Kansas"

Kansa-Nebraska Act-Suspension of Missouri Compromise allowing Kansas and Nebraska to choose free or slave

KKK and Force Acts-Presidental acts for military to punish southern extremist like KKK (anti-blacks) kkk was mostly confederate military leaders

Lecompton Constitution-Kansas's proslavery constitution approved by presidents but not congress; making it unofficial.

Liberty Party-first antislavery political party,tipped the 1844 election in favor of Democrat James Polk.

Peculiar Institution:attempt to justify slavery

Personal Liberty Laws-Laws passed by Northern states forbidding the imprisonment of escaped slaves. Rebuttal to fugitive slave laws

Popular Sovereignty- Each state got to choose free or slave

Role of blacks in Spanish-American War- One of the first black regiments. Men did the worst of the worst and had the worst tools

Role of freedmen in Civil War-Joined union military

William Lloyd Garrison-help founded the American Anti-Slavery Socity, published "The Liberator"

Wilmot Proviso- amendment stating territory from Mexico is free, won in house twice but not in Senate

Period 6

Booker T. Washington:A former slave. Encouraged blacks to keep to themselves and focus on the daily tasks of survival. Learn Trades

Kansas Fever:"exodus of 1879" first migration of blacks following the Civil War

Tuskegee Institute:black educational institution founded by Booker T. Washington to provide training in agriculture and crafts

WEB DuBois:demanded complete equality for blacks, social as well as economic, and helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

Period 7

Harlem renaissance-black artistic movement, expression of injustices like the jim crow laws

Marcus Garvey-believed blacks should return to Africa because they would never be treated fairly in a country run by whites

KKK-resurfaced, most extreme expression of nativism in 1920s

African American roles in ww2- had the first combat units

Segregated units in ww1- blacks deemed unfit for front lines

Credits:

Created with images by ArtsyBee - "african-american slavery man" • Image Editor - "01slaveSale" • Fæ - "Long headed slave girls, Congo, ca. 1900-1915 (IMP-CSCNWW33-OS11-2)" • dbking - ""Crispus Attucks-First Patriot Killed in Boston Massacre, March 6, 1770" by Herschel Levit" • ArtsyBee - "african-american man worker" • Trojan_Llama - "Abolition" • dualdflipflop - "Slaved" • cliff1066™ - "George Washington Carver, 1942 by Betsy Graves Reyneau, Oil on canvas" • dubdem sound system - "CULTURAL JAMMING"

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