Ethiopia Nati Ems

Welcome to the country of Ethiopia. You will learn new things about Ethiopia that you did not know before. In this tour you will find out more about the location , place , regions, human-environmental interactions and movement and more interesting Facts. In Ethiopia their are cool vacation trips you can take and have a fun experience climbing tall mountains. At the end of this project I hope you have learned more about Ethiopia then you Knew before examining the project and hopefully you will want to take an amazing vacation to Ethiopia one day.

A. Location: Where is the country located?

1. Define the geographic theme of location. There are two basic themes of location one is relative and the other is absolute location. The absolute location for Ethiopia is 9.1450° N, 40.4897° E. The relative location for Ethiopia is located west of Somalia, north of Kenya. It bound on the west by Sudan, and on the north by Eritrea and west of Indian Ocean.

2. Find the country's relative location.

2. The relative location for Ethiopia is located west of Somalia, north of Kenya. It bound one the west by Sudan, and on the north by Eritrea and west of Indian Ocean.

3. What is the country's capital location? What is the exact location of the country's capital.

The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa it is located in the center of Ethiopia. The exact location of Addis Ababa is 8.9806° N, 38.7578° E.

This is a tour of the places in Addis Ababa.

This is one of a famous airport in Addis Ababa
The lion of Judah was also one of the titles of the Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie and was depicted on the flag of Ethiopia from 1897-1974.
This is an Orthodx church in Addis Ababa
This is a mosque were Muslims pray in Addis Ababa.

4. On what continent is Ethiopia located.

Ethiopia is located in the continent of Africa.
This what the continent of Africa looks like. Ethiopia is in the East part of Africa close to The Red Sea next to Eritrea ,Djibouti, and Somalia.

5. Describes the interesting land forms found in the country.

Ethiopia's landscape is one of extremes. You'll find lush, mild forested highlands and deep, sweltering deserts. You'll find wide rivers and lakes teeming with wildlife and angry, active volcanoes in remote regions rarely reached by visitors. You'll also find one of Africa's tallest peaks. The East African Rift Plateau covers much of Ethiopia, forming highlands in the country's northwest and southeast regions. The Ethiopia's high plateau is home to several rivers, earning it the nickname "the water tower of Eastern Africa."

On this video it show a tour of Ethiopia by looking at the landforms.

6. List three facts about the climate.

The minimum Temperature during the coldest season is 43° F, while the maximum Temperature rarely exceeds 79° F , Temperature variations in the lowlands are much greater, and the heat in the desert and Red Sea coastal areas is extreme, with occasional high 140° F. Heavy rainfall occurs in most of the country during June, July, and August. Severe droughts affected the country in 1982–1984,1987–88, and 1991.
This is the 1984 drought
The strip of lines show were the rain fall occurred after a drought.
The Danakil Desert is a desert in Ethiopia this shows wild animals died.

7, What countries border the country.

Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
This shows all of the countries that border Ethiopia.

8. What bodies of water are found in or around of the country.

Some of the major rivers in Ethiopia are : Atbarah, Blue Nile, Jubba, Omo and Tekeze. Some major Lakes are: Abbe, Awasa, Chamo, Corbetti Caldera, Langano, Tana, Turkana and Ziway.
This is the Blue Nile River located in Ethiopia.

B. Place: what is it like to live in the country.

1. The geographic place of Ethiopia is it has rugged mountains 25m. to 4000m. tall! It is also well known for the Broad Savannah and other lakes and rivers. The, Rift Valley is also very unique for volcanic lakes. The Nile River also runs through Ethiopia! The weather in Ethiopia is tropical.

2. What natural resources are found in the country.

Ethiopia has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, and natural gas. It has extensive hydropower potential.
This is the gold reserve found in Ethiopia.
These are platinum bars in Ethiopia.
This a where Ethiopia's natural gas is produced in Addis Ababa
This is one of hydroelectric dams in Ethiopia.
This is some potash that is found in northern Ethiopia.

Ethiopia has many hydraulic dams but this huge dam in Addis Ababa is about to be finished

3. What cultural groups are found in the country.

The Amhara are the politically and culturally dominant ethnic group of Ethiopia. The total Amhara Ethiopian population is numerical minority national population has usually been placed at between 14 and 22 million. The Oromo peoples form the largest ethnic component in the country, comprising around 40 percent. Tigre, constitute about one-third of this total population 1.7 million.
This is the Oromo group protesting against the Ethiopian government for trying to take their land.
This image shows where the Amhara ethnic group is located.
This shows a group of Tigre ethnic group of womens.

4. What religion or religions are practiced in the country.

The main religions in Ethiopia are Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Paganism. Ethiopia is a predominantly Christian country and the majority of Christians are Orthodox Tewahedo Christians, who belong to the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church.
This is a famous monument where some christians visit in Ethiopia.
These are Ethiopian muslims practicing their religion in Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
This is an Ethiopian boy who is practicing Judaism.

This is a video show of people in Ethiopia with their religion practice.

5. What holidays, traditions, or customs are important to understand the country.

Holidays in Ethiopia are in September 11 Monday New Year's Day , January 7 Saturday Ethiopian Christmas , January 16 Monday Martin Luther King's Birthday , January 19 Thursday Epiphany . The country embraced Christianity in the 4th century, long before Europe. The feast of the Epiphany ("Timkat") is the largest festival of the year. Ethiopian men and women wear this traditional costume called gabbi or Netella. Women often wear dresses (Kemis) and netella with borders of coloured embroidered woven crosses, but other designs are also used.
This is a feast of epiphany outside of the church.
This is a picture of Mary rapping Baby Jesus celebrating Christmas.
This is a traditional Ethiopian dress that women wear on holidays.

6. The government that exists in the country and the economy.

The government of Ethiopia is structured in a framework of a federal parliamentary republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. The prime minister is chosen by the parliament. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. The Judiciary is more or less independent of the executive and the legislature. Ethiopia is largely based on agriculture, which accounts for 46.6% of the gross domestic product (GDP) and 85% of total employment. Ethiopia has one of the fastest-growing economies in the world and is Africa's second most populous country.

1. The Ethiopian government is a Federal Republic with 657 members in its legislature.

2. Executive elections are held every 6 years.

3. Ethiopia's representative government has 38.8% of its seats filled by women.

C. How people affect the environment

1.Human/Environment Interactions is how we depend on the environment and how we change to live there. Some people in Ethiopia have changed their environment by changing things around them. Some things they changed are their way of living. They are used to climbing the mountains and hilly areas. Also, they are used to the hot weather in the desert.They carry water on their heads from the river to transport water. Some people use donkeys to carry goods around. The droughts have changed the ethiopians. For generations have lived a semi- nomadic life style. They now guard their grass and trees. Change is difficult for them.

2. What types of crops are grouwn in the country?

Grains are the most important field crops and the chief element in the diet of most Ethiopians. The principal grains are teff, wheat, barley, corn, sorghum, and millet. The first three are primarily cool-weather crops cultivated at altitudes generally above 1,500 meters. The most important cash crop in Ethiopia was coffee. Before the Ethiopian Revolution, pulses and oilseeds played an important role, second only to coffee, in the country's exports.
This shows a picture of Ethiopian women picking out Wheat.
These are women selling corn in Ethiopia.
These are Ethiopian men that are picking out coffee seeds.

3. What types of jobs are found in the country.

Over four-fifths of Ethiopians work in agriculture. Many are small tenant farmers raising crops for domestic markets and also growing coffee. Manufacturing and industry are still quite small sectors of the economy and firms are mostly located in the capital of Addis Ababa. Financial and insurance services, air and land transportation services, and retail.
This is a manufacturing shoe company in Ethiopia.
Agriculture is the main job in Ethiopia.
This is one of the most famous insurance corporation in Ethiopia.

4. Does the country have any endangered species animals and plants.

4. Ethiopian Wolf is the most endangered carnivore in Africa, and the rarest canid in the world. Shifting agriculture and climate change are the main causes for this creature’s low numbers. Nubian Ibex This horned species primarily lives in the Middle East, but are found all the way down to Ethiopia and near Eritrea. They are currently classified as vulnerable. Acacia prasinata Plants in Ethiopia the populations of this species are reported to be threatened by overgrazing and cutting for firewood.
This is an Acacia tree in a dry season in Ethiopia.
This is the Ethiopian wolf that is on a mountain.
This is what an Ethiopian Nubian Ibex looks like.

This describes more about the Ethiopian wolf in details.

5. What environmental problems exist in the country and what solutions have been offered.

Environmental challenges in Ethiopia include climate change, soil degradation, deforestation, loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and pollution of land, air and water. They have polices that control how much pollution can be sent to the atmosphere by fuel productions.

D. Region: How geographers compare and contrast places.

1. A Region is an area or division, especially part of a country or the world having definable characteristics but not always fixed boundaries. Ethiopia is a Federal Democratic Republic composed of 9 National Regional states: Tigray, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, Benishangul-Gumuz, Southern Nations Nationalities and People Region (SNNPR), Gambella and Harari, and two Administrative states (Addis Ababa City administration and Dire Dawa city council).

2. What type of education systems exist in the country.

Primary school education consists of two cycles from grades 1 to 4 and grades 5 to 8. Secondary schools have two cycles from grades 9 to 10 and grades 11 to 12. The Tertiary education schools curriculum in later years covers more subjects at a higher level than curricula in most other countries. Ethiopia had an estimated illiteracy rate well above 90% and compared poorly with the rest of Africa in the provision of schools and universities.
This is a primary school in Ethiopia consisting of grades 1-8
This is a picture of Ethiopian High School grades 9-12
This is an entrance to a a university of Addis Ababa

3. What is the total population of the country? What is the population density?

The total population of Ethiopia is 103,456,789 (2017) . The population density in Ethiopia is 104 per Km2 (270 people per mi2).

4. What is the area of the country in square miles.

The area of the Ethiopia is 426,400 mi²

5. What is the per capital GDP?

The per capital GDP of Ethiopia is $505.05 USD (2013)

6. What is life expectancy for males? For females?

The male life expectancy is 62.97 years (2012). Female life expectancy is 62.97 years (2012).

7. What is the literacy rate in the country.

The literacy rate in Ethiopia is 39 percent.

8. In what climate region is the country located.

Ethiopia is in the tropical zone laying between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It has three different climate zones according to elevation ,Tropical zone, Subtropical zone, Cool zone.

E. Movement: How people, goods,and ideas move into and out of a place?

1. Movement refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another. Most of Ethiopian's travel by walking. They don't have a lot of cars in Ethiopia. Sometimes they travel with donkeys to help them take stuff. Ethiopia has 61 airports, but only 17 are paved. If they travel on road, they have to walk on gravel roads or use donkeys. If they want to travel by water then they have to use the Port of Djbouti in Djbouti or they use Berbera in Somalia.

2. What goods are imported and exported from the country?

Ethiopia trade imports include food, animals, machinery, transport equipments, fuel, cereals, vehicles and textiles. Coffee is the prime export product for Ethiopia. Ethiopia can become one of the largest exporters of flowers and plants in the world. Other main items of export are gold, leather products, khat and oil seeds.
Fuel is being imported to Ethiopia.
These are machinery that are being imported to Ethiopia.
They are drinking coffee which is the main export in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia exports gold and gets $456 million.

Ethiopia has made a deal to import coffee to the USA.

3.Describe the country's flag and its history?

The national flag of Ethiopia was adopted on 31 October 1996, and is a green-yellow-red tricolour with the national emblem in the centre. The emblem is intended to represent both the diversity and unity of the country. Blue represents peace, the star represents diversity and unity, and the sun's rays symbolise prosperity. The green recalls the land, yellow stands for peace and hope, and red is symbolic of strength. Ethiopia has been a monarchy for most of its history and the Ethiopian dynasty traces its roots to the 2nd century BC. Many African countries adopted the colours of the Ethiopian flag on their flags when they achieved independence which, together with black, became known as the Pan-African colours.
This is my Ethiopian flag from Ethiopia.

4. How did the country get its independence.

Italy occupied Ethiopia for 5 years but failed to colonize it. When Italy declared that Ethiopia was her protectorate, Menelik II dismissed the claim in 1890. Under his leadership, the Ethiopian troops won the war, leaving more than 4,000 Italian soldiers dead or missing. Two thousand Italian soldiers were captured. When the news reached Italy, there were riots on the streets and the prime minister got replaced after 2 weeks. In the same year, the new government accepted the full independence of Ethiopia.

5. What kind of technology is being used in the country?

The two leading populous nations in Africa Ethiopia and Nigeria should also be exemplary and pioneers in transforming the continent's economy from natural resource based to science, technology and innovation based economy through continuous process of science and technological research and development. The potential areas of collaboration between the Ethiopia and Nigeria includes space science, biotechnology and agricultural technologies.
This is a tractor with a water sprayer watering the crops.
This shows agricultural and biotechnology being done in Ethiopia.
This is the Ethiopian Observatory on top of a tall mountain.

This video talks about the new observatory in Ethiopia.

6. What are the popular modes of transportation and communication in the country.

Most traveling within Ethiopia is done by bus or minibus. There is a few real functioning railroad system, Central Ethiopia was connected to the Red Sea coast in 1917, when the railway from Djibouti reached Addis Ababa. This line still functions as a major mover and so Ethiopia and Djibouti communicate. Roads are often unpaved and in bad condition, so even short trips can take a very long time. Bigger cities and towns, and important sights can be reached by plane, so going by air can be an easy and comfortable alternative to the road.
These are Ethiopian transportation vans.
This is the train that is linked from Ethiopia to Djibouti
Another way of transportation in Ethiopia is riding on a plane.

F. Current Events: What newsworthy events are taking place in the country?

Rail transport in Ethiopia currently consists of one electrified standard gauge rail line, the Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway, which began freight operations in October 2016. On October 9, 2016, the government declared a state of emergency against the Oromo protests , giving security forces and the army new sweeping powers in one of the most censored countries in the world. The government blocked mobile internet, restricted social media, banned protests, closed down broadcast and print media, including the influential Addis Standard magazine, and imposed draconian restrictions on all political freedoms.
These are Oromo people protesting against the Ethiopian government.
This is Oromo people attacking the police forces.
This is a famous Olympic Ethiopian runner who protested in Rio.
In Ethiopia the government banned all social media because of the Oromo protest.

This is a video that talks more about the Ethiopian Oromo protest.

G. Travel Brochure

Ethiopia has in average temperature of 68° F which is a great temperature for a vacation. Ethiopia also has amazing mountain features that people can travel on for hikes. Also Ethiopia has great traditional Foods and custom celebrations. In Ethiopia you will find many types of people with different ethnic groups and religions. Ethiopia has beautiful species of animals including from birds, lions, zebras and more awesome creatures. Ethiopian people are very respectful and are good hard workers.
This is an amazing mountain chain in Ethiopia.
This is what a custom Ethiopian food looks like.
This Ethiopian women is carrying corn stockpiles on her back.
This is a zebra in Ethiopia being protected.

In this video it showed a travel guide of Ethiopia for people who want to visit Ethiopia.

H. Day in the life of a High School Resident

A typical teenager in Ethiopia wakes up in the morning and then goes to school till the age of 12. In Ethiopia for some High School starts at 8:30 a.m and it ends at 3:30 p.m. Some Ethiopian High School students get a job in agriculture. For fun Ethiopian students like to play soccer or run. Most Ethiopian teenagers like Ethiopian pop songs like Welelawa,and Beseba Dereja. In some High Schools the dress code is a nice T-shirt with shorts or pants.
Some old teenagers have to help their parents with the farms.
This is one of the Academys in Ethiopian High School dress code
These are two teenagers playing soccer on the street in Ethiopia.

THE END

Credits:

Created with images by bradbox - "Addis Ababa airport. Lovely on the outside..." • Francisco Anzola - "Lion of Judah sculpture" • D-Stanley - "Holy Trinity Cathedral" • Francisco Anzola - "Mosque outside Merkato" • WikiImages - "africa map relief" • reachwater.org.uk - "The first cuts" • Nagarjun - "Blue waters" • PublicDomainPictures - "abstract architecture background" • PublicDomainPictures - "splashing splash aqua" • Canned Muffins - "Coffee Ceremony"

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