Mars Colonization By Logan Grauberger

What will we need to go to Mars and why do we need to go there?

For humans, we need the essentials; protective shelter, food, water, and protective clothing. Now that's only the things we need when we get there. But, to get there, we need a spaceship that has the capacity to take humans on a nine month journey and support them when they land.
Spaceships are already being designed and launched from NASA and private companies such as Mars One and SpaceX.

We have the technology and the resources to get to Mars. What is the reason for needing to go to Mars and why haven't we sent humans yet?

The Earth is subject to natural disasters that can make Earth inhabitable. If Earth is threatened by a global natural disaster which ranges from giant meteors to climate change. Having a place to evacuate people and keep the human race alive should be a top priority for the human race.

The other reason is scientists and engineers have both agreed that keeping colonists alive when we get there is a challenge. There has to be rockets sent before their shuttle containing everything they will need to survive on Mars.

Having a prebuilt home will reduce the possibility of failure and ensure that we can get to work as soon as we land, opposed to having to build our home by ourselves.
This is what Mars looked like billions of years ago. So scientists are asking, if there was water, was there life? Even if it is only bacterial life, it would be a historic find, officially changing how we look at life forever.

Between securing the future of humanity, space exploration, and new scientific marvels, what is there to lose? The Mars One project wants to put four people, starting the first planetary colony by 2025. Elon Musk wants to take it to a whole new level, he is hoping to put up to a million people on the red planet in the next forty years or so.

Four people living in tiny pods is quite sustainable, but having a million people and building pressurized environments spanning for miles is very hard to maintain in a hostile world like Mars. A solution to this problem is to turn Mars into a more Earth like environment, but how is this possible?

This is current Mars, covered in hundreds of miles of frozen poles, just like on Earth. The very deceptive thing about Mars is that all the red soil looks like lunar soil, but it's not. Mars is completely covered in permafrost containing high concentrations of methane, just like on Earth.

I know that you've been teaching us about all this in class, but since we're so good at warming up Earth, scientists believe we could warm up the surface of Mars to the point of sustaining liquid water on the surface through one hundred years of global warming. Some scientist have thought about making factories on Mars that pump astronomically more amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, melting the permafrost which releases methane into the atmosphere causing a feedback loop, and melting the polar icecaps as well.

With enough human interaction and nourishment, we can create a breathable atmosphere, oceans to swim in, lakes and rivers to drink from, and cultivable soil. Some day, this could be a home that millions of people call home.
“I really think there are two fundamental paths. One path is we stay on Earth forever, and some eventual extinction event wipes us out.” Elon Musk

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