Maple Syrup Canadian Resource

Maple syrup is a syrup produced by partially boiling down the sap of the sugar maple or any other maple trees. In cold climates, these trees store starch in their trunks and roots before the winter.

Development and Extraction: Maple syrup begins as sap in a maple syrup. The sap is harvested in the spring when temperatures rise into 5 degrees Celsius during the day and -10 degrees Celsius at night. Trees are tapped using a drill to make a small hole. A spiel is inserted into the hole and the sap drips out. The sap then drips into a bucket or a special tube to a holding tank. After the sap is collected into a large holding tank and from there is fed into the sugar house. In the sugar house it is poured into an evaporator which then the sap is concentrated into maple syrup.

This is a bucket filled with sap from the Maple Tree.
This is a picture of maple sap being evaporated which will make the sap concentrated.

Management: It takes about 40-50 gallons of sap to produce one gallon of syrup. Each tap produces an average of 10-20 gallons of sap per season,that produces 1/2 to 1/3 gallon of syrup per single tap tree. One gallon of pure maple syrup weighs 11 pounds.

This video below shows How To Tap A Maple Tree.

Canada and USA produces maple syrup. 71% of maple syrup is made in Canada while 91% of that 71% is made in Quebec. Certain places that make maple syrup is Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Vermont, New York, Ohio etc. There are more than 8,600 maple syrup businesses in Canada. Canada sells and provides maple syrup to many countries. Canadian maple syrup is exported to around 50 other countries. Maple syrup and Maple sugar was being made before recorded history. Native Americans were the first to discover 'sinzibuckwud', the Algonquin (a Native American tribe) word for maple syrup, meaning "drawn from wood". The Native Americans were the first to recognize the sap as a source of energy and nutrition. They would use their tomahawks to make V-shaped incisions in the trees. Then, they would insert concave pieces of bark to run the sap into buckets made from birch bark. Back then they didn't have machines that we use these days so they used to concentrate the sap by either throwing hot stones in the bucket or by leaving it overnight and disposing the layer of ice out which had formed on top overnight because of the temperature.

This graph displays the Maple syrup production in Ontario from 2000-2014. The lowest production year was in 2006 while the highest production year was 2011. According to this graph it shows that from 2001-2007 the production was very low which isn't good for the business but then after it started slowly started increasing.

Climate change, acid rain and insects affect Maple trees. Acid rain is rainfall made sufficiently acidic by pollution that causes environmental harm, mainly to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with atmospheric water to form acids. Maple trees are sensitive to acidity of soil. Acid releases toxic minerals that are in the soil for uptake, that can harm the trees. Soil acidification, which is caused by acid rain can result in leaf loss. Insects that affect maple trees are the Asian long-horned beetle and forest tent caterpillars. To help maple trees we should eliminate coal burning, which is used to release sulfur into the atmosphere . Even just cleaning your shoes before going for a hike can reduce the transmission of disease.

Example of what Acid Rain does to trees

There are many species of Maple trees such as Amur Maple, Black Maple, Red Maple, Big Leaf Maple, Hornbeam Maple, Japanese Maple, Norway Maple and many other types. Most maples are trees growing to 10–45 m (33–148 ft) height. Others are shrubs less than 10 meters tall with a number of small trunks originating at ground level.

If climate change continues then it would leave a positive impact on Maple trees because you would be able to grow many more Maple trees around the world as currently, not many places can have growth for Maple trees.

There are a few Maple tree diseases but one of the most common Maple tree disease is “Maple Wilt” also called "Verticillium Wilt". Fungi is found in the soil. This problem can even kill the tree as it is very serious. Maple wilt seems to be most common in Norway maples but is also found in silver, sugar, red, sycamore and Japanese maples.

Description: A tree with Maple wilt has browning looking leaves. Diseased branches will have small amounts of sick-looking leaves. The first signs that a tree has Maple Wilt is the yellowing and then browning of leaves at the ends of some branches. Initially the yellowing and browning of the leaves is spotty throughout the tree and does not follow a uniform pattern. As the fungus begins to block the vascular system, the browning of leaves become more wide-spread. New leaves generally are either non-existent, undersized or yellowed.

A tree affected by "Maple Wilt"

How it spreads: The disease starts in the root system and spreads up through the sapwood into the upper branches of the tree, causing big limbs to start dying back. Prevention: A healthy, well-established tree may be able to beat maple wilt, but most trees will die within a season or two of showing symptoms. The best way to control the disease is to destroy infected trees to keep it from spreading. If that's not an option, or the tree is not seriously infected, pruning out affected branches may help the tree survive. Keeping the tree well-watered during the time it is trying to heal.

Prevention: A healthy, well-established tree may be able to beat maple wilt, but most trees will die within a season or two of showing symptoms. The best way to control the disease is to destroy infected trees to keep it from spreading. If that's not an option, or the tree is not seriously infected, pruning out affected branches may help the tree survive. Keeping the tree well-watered during the time it is trying to heal.

This is only one of many diseases that could happen to Maple trees. There is no chemical control for Maple Wilt, but there are several steps that can be done to help control the spread of the disease, as well as to enhance a tree’s ability to control or even contain the disease. The steps include pruning, fertilizing and watering. This is a way the government and industries maintains maple trees which eventually become into maple syrup.

These are pictures of how a maple tree or leaf looks life after it has been infected/approached with a disease.

Maple syrup is renewable. Sap which is later formed into maple syrup, comes out of maple trees which you can reuse. Many gallons of sap is taken out of a Maple tree and they continuously use that tree. The only way maple syrup would be non-renewable is that you can not reuse Maple syrup. Once you have eaten maple syrup then it is already in your stomach and it is digested.

Maple trees can be found in many areas of the world, they mainly find their proper climatic environment for maple sugaring in parts of southern Ontario, the Province of Quebec, the Mari-times in Canada, New England States in the USA, Wisconsin, Minnesota etc. There are approximately 128 species of maple trees, most are native to Asia, Europe, Northern Africa, and North America. Maple trees grow best in cold weather that's at least 34 degrees Fahrenheit or 1 degrees Celsius. Maple trees prefer shaded or brightly-lit areas. A neutral power of hydrogen balance is best for growth. When you are planting the soil, it should be loose and scattered so that the roots can grow and thrive.

Picture of Maple Trees

Maple Syrup is a very resourceful source. You can also put maple syrup in other stuff to produce it. Foods that contain Maple Syrup in it are Maple butter, Maple liqueur, Maple taffy, Maple beer, Maple cookies, Hard Sugar Candy and Maple barbecue sauce. All these products are made with maple syrup containing in it. As you can see maple syrup is very useful as you can also add this resource to make other products. Most common way Maple syrup is used is on top of pancakes, just absolutely delicious.

This collage shows an image of Maple taffy, Hard Rock Candy and Maple cookies. They all include Maple Syrup in it.

Credits:

Created with images by Michel_Rathwell - "Maple Sap Water Pails" • Michel_Rathwell - "Sand Road Maple Sugar Farm Boiler" • C. VanHook (vanhookc) - "Beauty in the particular of a fading leaf" • Reilly. - "Dandenong Ranges National Park" • AKuptsova - "lichen mold tree" • ionntag - "Dead Fraser Fir" • anneheathen - "diseased maples" • jurvetson - "Hard Rock" • dizznbonn - "fig+maple butter cookies" • Ano Lobb. @healthyrx - "Maple syrup glass light leaf"

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