Rwanda Matthew smith

The country of Rwanda is slightly smaller than Maryland
The country has a temperate climate. They have 1 rainy season (November-April) and a chance of snow and frost in the mountains.

The countries natural resources include, gold, cassiterite, wolframite, and methane.

The country also deals with periodic floods and volcanism.

Rwanda has a population of 12,988,423. The country is 84% Hutu while the other 16% is Tutsi and Twa. 93.2% of people speak Kinyarwanda (A Bantu language) The average life expectancy at birth is 60.1 years, 58.5 for men and 61.7 for women. The literacy rate for men is 73.2 and 68 for women.

Religion in Rwanda is sort of split between Roman Catholic and Protestant. 49.5% of the population being Roman Catholic while 39.4% is Protestant. There are also other less practiced religions such as Christian, Muslim, Animist, and some people don't even practice a religion.

Rwandas corruption rank is 50/176 while their corruption score is 54/100

Rwanda’s fertility rate declined sharply during the last decade, as a result of the government’s commitment to family planning, the increased use of contraceptives, and a downward trend in ideal family size. Increases in educational attainment, particularly among girls, and exposure to social media also contributed to the reduction in the birth rate. The average number of births per woman decreased from a 5.6 in 2005 to 4.5 in 2016. Conversely, Rwanda itself hosts more than 155,000 refugees. Because Rwanda is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa, its persistent high population growth and increasingly small agricultural landholdings will put additional strain on families’ ability to raise foodstuffs and access potable water. These conditions will also hinder the government’s efforts to reduce poverty and prevent environmental degradation.

Rwandas current leader is Paul Kagame. He was born on October 23, 1957 and is currently 59. He was elected April 22, 2000, meaning he has ruled for 16 years, almost 17.
Two major Rwandan cities are Kigali (left) and Butare (Right). Kigali has a population of 745,261 and is also the countries capital city. Landmarks include Kandt House Museum of Natural History and The Presidential Palace Museum. Kigali doesn't have many things to do but you can go on safaris. Butare has a population of 89,600. Butare landmarks include Nyungwe National Park and The National Museum of Rwanda. Butare is more or less the same as Kigali when it comes to things to do.
Germany colonized Rwanda in 1884 as part of German East Africa. Then Belgium invaded the country in 1916 as a part of World War 1 Rwanda gained its independence July 1, 1962. Between 1961 and 1962, Tutsi guerrilla groups staged attacks into Rwanda from neighboring countries. Rwandan Hutu-based troops responded, and thousands more were killed in the clashes. On 1 July 1962, Belgium, with UN oversight, granted full independence to the two countries.

5 major events that occurred in Rwanda: 1994 April - Habyarimana and the Burundian president are killed after their plane is shot down over Kigali; RPF launches a major offensive; extremist Hutu militia and elements of the Rwandan military begin the systematic massacre of Tutsis. Within 100 days around 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus are killed; Hutu militias flee to Zaire, taking with them around 2 million Hutu refugees.

1993 - President Habyarimana signs a power-sharing agreement with the Tutsis in the Tanzanian town of Arusha, ostensibly signalling the end of civil war; UN mission sent to monitor the peace agreement.

1994-96 - Refugee camps in Zaire fall under the control of the Hutu militias responsible for the genocide in Rwanda.

1995 - Extremist Hutu militias and Zairean government forces attack local Zairean Banyamulenge Tutsis; Zaire attempts to force refugees back into Rwanda.

1995 - UN-appointed international tribunal begins charging and sentencing a number of people responsible for the Hutu-Tutsi atrocities.

All of the events listed above are a part of the Genocide

Historical Figure: Dieudonne Disi- Dieudonne was born November 24, 1980. He is a world class Olympic long-distance and cross country runner. He competed in the many races including the 2004 Olympics in Athens where he placed 17th in the 10,000 meter. Hes competed in 17 races around the world, ranging from 5000m- 42000m. 3 of which he’s placed 1st and 1 he placed 3rd.

Wildlife: Besides gorillas, Rwanda has more than 700 kinds of birds. There are three national parks and most of the large mammals are found here, including the Ruwenzori colobus arboreal monkeys. They have the biggest troop size of any primate in Africa and can move in groups of up to 400.

Rwanda follows a universal health care model, which provides health insurance through a system called Mutuelles de Santé. The system is a community-based health insurance scheme, in which residents of a particular area pay premiums into a local health fund, and can draw from it when in need of medical care. Major Rwandan diseases are HIV/AIDS and Malaria.

Various dishes have evolved from the range of basic foods consumed. Ugali (or bugali) is a paste made from maize and water, to form a porridge-like consistency that is eaten throughout East Africa. Isombe is made from mashed cassava leaves and served with dried fish.Matoke is a dish made from baked or steamed plantains. Ibihaza is made from pumpkins cut into pieces, mixed with beans and boiled without peeling them. Ground nuts paste Ikinyiga, and Millet flour paste umustima w’uburo both of these pastes are made from boiling water and flour, mixed to a porridge like consistency. In the restaurants in the capital city of Kigalii, locals and expatriates eat a variety of international cuisine, including Indian, Chinease, Italian, and African In other cities and towns, the cuisine is simpler, often consisting of chicken, fish, goat or steak served with rice or french fries

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Created with images by Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "Rwanda Grunge Flag"

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