The History of Printing Nick Siraco

Welcome to the History of Printing page created by Nick Siraco! On this page, you'll learn about printing from all parts of time, from 3000 BCE all the way to current time, 2017 AD. The page will be set up like a time line as you scroll down.

Here is a link to the main resource I used for this project, and I highly recommend looking at this before reading my page.

3000 BCE - 2000 BCE

3100 BCE -Cuneiform is one of the first writing systems to exist in the ancient civilization Sumer, or current day Iraq.

This is what is believed to be cuneiform, used by the ancient civilization that used to be in Iraq (Sumer).

ca. 3000 BCE -The usage of round seals go back before 3000 BCE. They were used for rolling up clay tablets, were the most common pieces of work to survive, and feature both beautiful and complex images. In societies such as China and Egypt, stamps were used to print on cloth.

Papyrus was used as a “paper”, or a surface to write on in ancient Egypt.

Ink was made from lamp-black in ancient China.

1999 BCE - 1000 BCE

ca. 1550 BCE -The earliest examples of illustrated books were created by ancient Egyptians. A valid example of this would be The Book Of The Dead which was a manuscript that intended to help the dead in the afterlife.

This image shows one of the first examples of illustrated books.

999 BCE - 0 BCE

ca. 500 BCE -During 500 BC, parchment was used in Pergamon as a writing surface.

59 BCE - Acta Diurna, daily Roman notices, usually carved in stone, was published in Rome during this time. This can be considered the first evidence of Newspaper.

1 AD - 1000 AD

ca. 100 AD - A Chinese man named Ts’ai Lun is credited with the creation of paper, around 100 AD. He is said to have been a monk at the time.

105 AD - Paper was invented in 105 AD by China. Created during the Han Dynasty, emperor Ho-Ti was one of the first to create a paper making industry. Paper back then was made by mixing finely chopped mulberry and hemp rags, along with water to create a mold. Then they would mash it flat, press the water out, and let it dry in the sun.

ca. 600 AD - Woodblock printing first appeared in China. It's a process for printing text, images, patterns and other elements that was used almost entirely throughout East Asia, but is originally used in China.

ca. 618-907 AD - Paper money was first used by the Chinese during the Tang Dynasty.

Ancient Chinese paper money

ca. 795 AD - Paper Mills were identified in China around the time period 795 AD. Scholars found them around Baghdad. It wasn't long until paper-making made it’s way to Egypt, however it wasn't for 500 years that it made its way to Europe.

ca. 1000 AD - Pi-Sheng is credited with creating the first movable type from hardened clay.

1001 AD - 1605 AD

ca. 1100 AD - paper-making had finally reached Europe.

This image shows Gutenberg's first printing press in action.

ca. 1440 AD - Before the usage of the printing press in 1440 AD, created by Johannes Gutenberg to make printing books easier, books were printed by hand on the surfaces of Clay, papyrus, wax or Parchment. Books made by hand were referred to as manuscripts. For more than a thousand years, monks copied text in Monastery Scriptoriums. During the Renaissance, schools created a higher demand for written books, and the task of that of a monk was moved to a specialist. The creation of the Printing Press changed almost everything. This revolutionary piece of equipment was made during the Renaissance, and changed almost everyone's view on printing in general. With Gutenberg's outstanding usage of the machine, he printed over 200 copies of the “Two-volume” Gutenberg Bible. This project is very well known because it was the first time there was a mass production of a single book in Europe, which is one reason we continue to talk about it today.

Gutenberg Bible

ca. 1465 AD - two print shop owners in Venice Italy, John and Wendelin of Speier, are most likely the first printers to use pure Roman text.

Johannes Gutenberg, known for creating the Printing Press, is also well known for creating the first moveable type system made from metal.

1536 AD - The first American-Printed book was issued throughout Mexico. The book was known as “Escala espiritual de San Juan Climaco”.

Movable type

1556 AD - After the creation of the Printing Press, it became a lot easier to print rather long published works, and/or manuscripts that were not needed as much. During this time the first monthly Newspaper was published in Venice, Italy. This monthly Newspaper was called Notizie Scritte.

There was a large difference between Newspapers from this time and Newspapers from now-a-days.

1600 AD - Europeans began to use paper money despite the Chinese practicing this 500 years prior to Europe.

1605 AD - The first weekly printed Newspaper was published in Antwerp, Belgium. The Newspaper was called “Relation”.

1606 AD - 1800 AD

1636 AD - Jose Glover brought paper, ink, type, and a printing press to the new lands of America.

ca. 1690 AD - Soon after, around 1690, Dinah Nuthead was believed to be the first women printer in America. Boston printed its first newspaper in this time called Public Occurrence. It was later stopped due to it criticizing the British and their war with the French.

Paper and Ink

1737 AD - Belfast News-Letter was the first, or Oldest-English-Language Newspaper printing company, and it's still in business to this day. However, now-a-days it’s printed under the name The Newsletter.

1798 AD - Lithography, invented in Germany by Alois Senefelder, appeared in England and the United States a good 20 years after. Almost right after that, people attempted to print in color.

Here is an example of the process of Lithography.

Definition - Lithography is the ability to print from a smooth, flat surface and repel ink everywhere except the places where it required to print.

Lithography

Here is an example!

This process is very common for artist. Say, for example, you need your art to be printed on a smaller canvas for a customer. Then that's where lithography would come in handy. Also, the video is 9 minutes long, just a warning. It shows the process and its entirety.

1800 AD - 2017 AD

Offset Printing, Digital printing, and 3D printing

1875 AD - Offset Printing, invented in England 1875, was created by Robert Barclay. This process combined rotary printing as well as mid-19th century transfer printing.

Here is an image modern offset printing.

Definition: Offset Printing is a common printing ability where the inked image is “offset” or replaced from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface.

Digital Printing

ca. 1990 - The first digital printing press came into the market in the 1990’s, and was created by Benny Landa at Indigo (1977) industries.

This image shows the CMYK color variation.

Definition - methods of printing from a digital-based image directly to a variety of media.

Computers

1943-1946 AD: J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly created the ENIAC, commonly known as the world's first computer, was created and worked on at the University of Pennsylvania. Though it was started in 1943, it was not completed until 1946. The computer infected the printing industry greatly. It became easier to print neater pieces of work that were also easier to create using modern technology.

This video was created by The University of Pennsylvania, and gives more details about the first computer (which was created there).

3D Printing and present day printing

1986 AD - 3D Printing can track all the way back to 1986 and was created by Chuck Hull. He created a patent for stereolithography apparatus (SLA).

2014 AD - some lost parts of Dove Press type have been found/located around the banks of River Thames.

2016 AD - Google invested about $100 Million into Carbon3D, a 3D Printing System.

Vocabulary

Lithography - the ability to print from a smooth, flat surface and repel ink everywhere except the places where it required to print. Litho, a greek word for stone, helps define this word even more. The first works made with Lithography were on stone, around 1796. The person who created it, Alois Senefelder was also a well known German writer and actor.

Wood Block Printing - a process for printing text, images, patterns and other elements that was used almost entirely throughout East Asia, but is originally used in China.

Offset Printing - a common printing ability where the inked image is “offset” or replaced from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface.

Digital Printing - refers to methods of printing from a digital-based image directly to a variety of media.

Important people and companies from

999BC - 0AD

Acta Diurna - daily Roman notices. Some consider it to be the first style of Newspaper.

Here is a more modernized version of Acta Diurna.

Important people and companies from

1 AD - 1000 AD

Ts’ai Lun - credited with the creation of paper, around 100 AD.

Ho-Ti - one of the first to create a paper making industry.

Pi-Sheng - Credited with creating the first moveable type in or around 1000 AD

Important people and companies from

1001 AD - 2017 AD

Johannes Gutenberg - known for creating the Printing Press, is also well known for creating the first moveable type system from Metal.

Gutenberg Bible - This project is very well known because it was the first time there was a mass production of a single book in Europe, which is one reason we continue to talk about it today.

John and Wendelin of Speier - most likely the first printers to use pure Roman text.

Escala espiritual de San Juan Climaco - The first American-Printed book was issued throughout Mexico.

Notizie Scritte - After the creation of the Printing Press, it became a lot easier to print rather long published works, and/or manuscripts that were not needed as much. During this time the first monthly Newspaper was published in Venice, Italy.

Relation - This was the first weekly printed newspaper

Jose Glover - brought paper, ink, type, and a printing press to the new lands of America in 1638.

Dinah Nuthead - One of the first women printers in America.

Public Occurrence - The first newspaper known to be printed in Boston Massachusetts. It's said to be the first 'Colonial Newspaper'.

Belfast News-Letter - The first English-Language printed newspaper still in business today. Now, it's just printed under the name The Newsletter.

Thomas Jefferson - One of America's founding fathers who wrote and published the Declaration of Independence.

Ben Franklin - Was the 10th son of a soap maker, and looked up to his brother who was an American printer. Which lead him to become a printer himself, as well as active in politics.

Alois Senefelder - is credited with inventing Lithography.

Robert Barclay - Is credited with creating Offset Printing in 1875.

Benny Landa - Known for creating Digital Printing in the 1990's at Indigo Industries

J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly - credited for creating ENIAC at the University of Pennsylvania.

ENIAC - The world's first computer system.

Chuck Hull - Credited with creating 3D printing in the 80's. Though it was not directly 3D printing, he's still considerably the founder and creator of it in a way.

The end

Citations

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.