Antithesis (anˈtiTHəsəs): Where two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect. Ex. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.
Asyndeton (əˈsindəˌtän): Lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words. Ex. An empty stream, a great silence, an impenetrable forest. The air was thick, warm, heavy, sluggish.
Alliteration: The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Ex: Sally sells seashells by the seashore.
Anastrophe (əˈnastrəfē): The normal word order is reversed. Ex. “Strong is the force, you are.”
Apposition- a relationship between two subjects Ex. “.... our teacher, Ms. Schaefer…”
Apophasis: The speaker or writer brings up a subject by either denying it, or denying that it should be brought up. Ex. You know who is doing you know what with you know who else!
Climax: Words, phrases and clauses are arranged in an order to increase their importance within the sentence. Ex. ...lost, vaded, broken, dead within an hour.
Ellipsis: This is used in narratives to omit some parts of a sentence or event, which gives the reader a chance to fill the gaps while acting or reading it out. It is usually written between the sentences as “…”. Ex. I ordered the linguini, and he [ordered] the lobster.
Euphemism: A word that substitutes a harsh or more bold word, usually ironic Ex. I’m letting you go instead of you’re fired.
Hyperbole: Exaggeration of ideas. Ex. I’m so hungry I can eat a horse.