Unfortunately, the land at Botany Bay proved impossible for crops.
In desperation, the settlement was moved to Port Jackson, but here too the soil proved poor.
Few of the colonists had any knowledge of agriculture.
The first wheat grains they planted had overheated on the journey, and in the dry summer did not even germinate.
With booming population growth and a crippling depression in the 1880s, the government also wanted to make farm land available to poorer citizens, creating jobs and growing the economy.
This would not have been possible without readily available water for the scattered farms.
Fortunately, explorers in New South Wales and Victoria were discovering vast networks of rivers further inland. In time they would learn they were all part of one enormous connected system: the Murray–Darling Basin.
With their native grasses eaten by livestock, and their yam daisies and other staple food sources driven to near-extinction, a crisis of food security hit Australia's First People.
They would either have to leave their ancestral lands, risk fatal clashes with colonists, or try to assimilate into white society.