Water is a precious and limited resource in both Australia and Singapore. It is therefore vital that the management systems in place ensure that the economic and environmental sustainability of both countries is maintained long term.
Australia's management system mainly consists of the Basin Plan. It is a well thought out way to encourage sustainable management of the water resources in the Murray-Darling Basin. The main legal requirement of the Basin Plan is to achieve environmentally friendly limits on the water usage in Australia.
On the other hand, Singapore is one of the most water stressed countries, ranking fifth worst in the world. However, the Singapore government is initiating better water self-sufficiency through integrated water management that will incorporate desalination of seawater and water recycling.
Access to drinking water
Drinking water in Australia is of considerably high standards compared to most other countries. Especially since around the globe there are over one billion people who do not have access to clean drinking water.
Government research in March 2004. In Australia about 93% of Australian households were connected to town or main water. However, 85% of households outside of capital cities were connected whilst most, 98%, of households in the city were connected. 89% of households in capital cities used the town or main water as the main source of water in their home, whereas in rural areas, this statistic dropped to only 67%. South Australia proved to be the least reliant on water from mains as their household water sources with only 60% of households using this source.
The average water usage per day is 153 litres/capita/day
Average urban domestic water and sewer tariff per m3 is US $1.88
Annual investment in water supply and sanitation is USD 609 million.