Circus Maximus By Viet Nguyen and matthew choi

The Circus Maximus was originally built by King Tarquin in the seventh century B.C.E. between the Palatine and Aventine Hills. It was 620 meters (about 2034 feet) long and could seat an estimated 150,000 spectators. It was built to mainly to host horse-drawn chariot races as well as gladiator fights. People cheered and supported their faction in the race, either - red, white, green, or blue.

An artist's rendition of The Circus MAximus.

The circus had twelve starting gating and another arch dedicated to Titus and Vespasian conquering Jerusalem (similar to the Arch of Titus). At the center of the track, there were seven eggs and a fountain with seven dolphins. These indicated the number of laps needed to win - seven. Along with these eggs and fountain were two Egyptian obelisks. On the south side of the Circus Maximus was the Temple of the Sun and Moon.

In 31 AD, part of the then wooden structure was destroyed in a fire. Emperor Augustus restored it and added the imperial box and a obelisk. Another fire in 103 destroyed the structure again. Emperor Trajan rebuilt it, making stone this time. Much of the structure and material was then used for building other structures during medieval times.

Here is what it looks like today:

This video shows a nice 3D model to help better get the sense of the design of the Circus Maximus.

In Circo Maximo cives Romani cursūs spectant.

In Circo Maximo cursūs a civibus Romanis spectantur.

Works Cited

Bunson, Matthew. Encyclopedia of Ancient Rome, Third Edition. New York: Facts On File, 2012. Infobase eBooks. Web. 31 Mar. 2017.<http://ebooks.infobaselearning.com/View.aspx?ISBN=9781438138602&InstID=14862>.

Circo Massimo. Youtube.com. N.p., 12 Sept. 2011. Web. 28 Mar. 2017. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aksOAH7dYsQ>.

"Circus Maximus." Circus Maximus. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2017. <http://archive1.village.virginia.edu/spw4s/RomanForum/GoogleEarth/AK_GE/AK_HTML/AS-003.html>.

"Circus Maximus." Circus Maximus. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2017. <http://persweb.wabash.edu/facstaff/royaltyr/AncientCities/web/bradleyj/Project%201/Circusmaximus.html>.

"Circus Maximus." Circus Maximus. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2017. <https://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/rome/circus_max/thumbnails_contents.html>.

Ermengem, Kristiaan Van. "Circus Maximus, Rome." A View On Cities. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2017. <http://www.aviewoncities.com/rome/circusmaximus.htm>.

"P114 Circus Maximus." LacusCurtius • Circus Maximus (Platner & Ashby, 1929). N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2017. <http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/e/gazetteer/places/europe/italy/lazio/roma/rome/_texts/platop*/circus_maximus.html>.

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Viet Nguyen
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