"Fission-electric power stations are one of the leading low carbon power generation methods of producing electricity,"
how it works
“Nuclear power is the process of using nuclear reactions in an atom to release nuclear energy. The energy captured to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant”(1)
Nuclear power is considered a nonrenewable resource industry as it runs on the elements uranium and plutonium. These elements are limited but are fairly abundant on Earth. Nuclear power plants globally, have a very low-emission value worth of 12 g CO2 eq/kWh, which is the lowest compared to coal & fossil gas at 820 and 490 g CO2 eq/kWh.
Nuclear power might seem as a highly dangerous industry but has an enormous amount of benefits if used properly. “The amount of energy produced by the fission of a single uranium atom is approximately 10 million times the energy produced by the combustion of a single coal atom” (4) Meaning by itself, it can provide hundreds of years of energy because the immense power it gives with little cost in return.
Nuclear Power in Canada
Canada currently in 2016 has 19 commercial nuclear reactors, mostly located in Ontario all, provide an average of 13.5/GWe that also account for 16.5% the nation's electricity.
“They also contribute $6.6 billion per year to GDP, create C$1.5 billion in government revenue and generate some $1.2 billion in exports. The nuclear power industry employs 21,000 directly, 10,000 indirectly as contractors and is responsible for another 40,000 jobs indirectly.” (5) Nuclear power is a dangerous job but covers much of the nation’s electricity giving the industry attention to have a good salary.
Methods of Production
The whole process is called nuclear fission. “Fission starts when a fast-moving neutron strikes a nucleus. The nucleus cannot take in an extra neutron so the whole nucleus breaks apart into two smaller nuclei. Several neutrons are released and go on and on. Because the first neutron sets of a chain of fission's, the nuclear reaction is called a chain reaction. Without control, it can multiply rapidly and produce an enormous amount of heat in a fraction a of a second.” (3)