III. Workshop Topics and Recap
Although this initiative was originally planned as a series of in-person workshops, due to the COVID-19 global pandemic, it was conducted as a six-part online interactive community empowerment series operated through Zoom. This series aimed at helping community members facing these issues and hoped to provide insight to continue to empower their kuleana to mālama i nā iwi kūpuna, therefore participation in the workshops was by invitation only. As each session built upon the previous workshop, we asked community members to commit to attending all portions of this six-part series.
Workshop 1: Ke Kuleana ʻOhana No Nā Ilina: Reaffirming the Importance of Caring for Iwi Kūpuna
Workshop 1 titled Ke Kuleana ʻOhana No Nā Ilina: Reaffirming the Importance of Caring for Iwi Kūpuna was held on May 30, 2020, 10am ~ 1pm. This first workshop was created to set a solid kahua with featured presenter, Kai Markell, who is a kanaka attorney and currently serves as Ka Pou Kākoʻo with the Office of Hawaiian Affairs branch Kiaʻi Kānāwai (Compliance and Enforcement). Kai shared his personal insights and stories on the cultural importance of ʻohana, kūpuna, and iwi including why it is important to ʻauamo the kuleana to mālama i nā iwi kūpuna and general burial practices.
Workshop 2: Moʻokūʻauhau Kānaka Research
Workshop 2 (Part I and II) titled Moʻokūʻauhau Kānaka Research was held on July 25, 2020, 10am ~ 1pm. This second workshop was presented by Huliauapaʻa Board of Directors President and the UH Mānoa Director of Kamakakūokalani Center for Hawaiian Studies, Dr. Kekuewa Kikiloi and Huliauapaʻa colleague, Kepoʻo Keliʻipaʻakaua. Together our guest speakers shared their insights on the “Moʻokūʻauhau Kānaka Research” in understanding our moʻokūʻauhau, the stories of our kūpuna, and where we descend from are foundational components in caring for iwi kupuna. Dr. Kekuewa began this workshop with showcasing the importance of genealogy. Kepoʻo continued with providing the basic skill sets in conducting genealogy research and how to navigate different repositories.
Workshop 3: Moʻokūʻauhau ʻĀina
Workshop 3 titled Moʻokūʻauhau ʻĀina was held on August 29, 2020, 10am ~ 1pm. This third workshop was led by Pūlama Lima, Land, Culture, History, Research Manager at the OHA, Executive Director of Ka Ipu Makani Cultural Heritage Center, and Anthropology Ph.D. candidate at UH Mānoa. As well as Donovan Preza, a kumu at Kapiʻolani Community College Hawaiian Studies and Ph.D. candidate in the Geography Department at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Together, our guest speakers shared their insights on "Moʻokūʻauhau ʻĀina." Pūlama Lima began the workshop by sharing stories of her own personal connection to land placing emphasis on moʻokūʻauhau and an introduction to ʻāina research. Donovan Preza shared his expertise in an introduction to land and mapping in Hawaiʻi.
Workshop 4: Navigating State Laws and Processes for Protecting Iwi Kūpuna
Workshop 4 titled Navigating State Laws and Processes for Protecting Iwi Kūpuna was held on October 3, 2020, 10am ~ 1pm. This fourth workshop was presented by Malia Akutagawa who is a Native Hawaiian Rights and Environmental Law Attorney and Associate Professor at Hawaiʻinuiākea School of Hawaiian Knowledge, Kamakakūokalani Center for Hawaiian Studies and the William S. Richardson School of Law – Ka Huli Ao Center for Excellence in Native Hawaiian Law. Malia shared her expertise on processes, laws, and specific points of engagement for protecting iwi kūpuna on ka ʻāina, projects involving the State of Hawaiʻi and their specific kuleana and identifying actions that we can take to mālama iwi kūpuna including applying for and receiving recognition as a descendant, registering burial sites, and other proactive measures.
Workshop 5: Navigating Federal Laws and Processes for Protecting Iwi Kūpuna
Workshop 5 titled Navigating Federal Laws and Processes for Protecting Iwi Kūpuna was held on October 31, 2020, 10am ~ 1pm. This fifth workshop was presented by Senior Program Director, Stanton Enomoto, and Policy Analyst, Lisa Oshiro Suganuma, who are both with the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), Office of Native Hawaiian Relations (ONHR). The guest speakers shared their expertise and experiences on "Navigating the Federal Process for Protecting Iwi Kūpuna." Stanton Enomoto began the workshop by sharing about the intersection between the National Environmental Policy Act (NEHPA) and the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), and how the Section 106 process deals with Federal undertakings and projects that have the potential to impact cultural resources. Lisa Oshiro Suganuma shared her expertise on the National American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) and the consultation processes around NAGPRA including tools, funding resources, and on-going actions the community should be aware of.
Workshop 6: E Kanu No Ke Ola: Seeding Authority for the Future
The sixth and final workshop was titled E Kanu No Ke Ola: Seeding Authority for the Future and held on December 5, 2020, 10am ~ 1pm. This workshop was presented by Halealoha Ayau who has led efforts to repatriate iwi kūpuna, moepū, and mea kapu for over 30-years and Noelle Kahanu who currently serves as an assistant specialist in Public Humanities and Native Hawaiian Programs within the American Studies Department at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (UHM). Halealoha Ayau began the workshop with honoring his kumu, Edward Kanahele and Pualani Kanakaʻole-Kanahele, and how he took on this kuleana. He also shared various case studies (i.e. Dresden case study; Cambridge case study) with video clips on what he and others have accomplished in repatriation over the last 30-years. Noelle Kahanu shared her expertise on Mea Waiwai as embodied ancestors, including stories of her experiences in helping Halealoha with the various repatriation efforts.