Southern Africa Pages 377-396

Landforms and Bodies of Water

  1. Its bordered by the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
  2. Several of the countries are fairly large.
  3. And also has the 4th largest island in Madagascar.

Landforms

  1. A series of plautes cover most of this region.
  2. In Angola the escarpment runs parallel to the Atlantic Ocean to Namibia .
  3. Also there made up of The Kalahari Deserts.
Which type of Landforms is common in Southern Africa?
Plateaus and Mountains

Bodies of Water

  1. The Zambezi, Limpopo, Orangedrain

Climate

Tropical Zones

  1. Southern Africa has several varieties of climate from humid to arid to hot to cool.
  2. Each area gets as much as 70 inches of rain per year.
  3. Daily Average temperatures in the upper 60's.
  4. Most of the areas are subtropical/dry areas.

Temperate Zones

  1. Much of South Africa have moderate climates.
  2. They get very little rainfall and it usually occurs during the summer.

Desert Region

  1. In the Namib Desert temperatures are hotter.
  2. During wet years desert grasses and bushes appear.
Why are temperatures in Southern Africa's Tropical countries generally not hot.
Climates

Natural resources

What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?
Platinum, chromium, gold, and diamonds. Its helped its industries grow and give them wealth.

South Africa's Resources

  1. It's the worlds largest producer of platinum, chromium and gold and diamond.
  2. The important resources also include coal, iron ore, uranium, copper, and other minerals.

Energy Resources

  1. They burn coal and use oil to make energy.
  2. The regions rivers are also another energy resource.

Minerals and Other Resources

  1. Namibia is one of Africa's richest countries in mineral resources.
  2. Malawi's most important natural resource is fertile resource.

Wildlife

  1. Poaching is a problem in this region.
How does deforestation affect the energy supply in this region?
Theres less oxygen in the air and dosent help make energy and light.

History of Southern Africa- Rise of Kingdoms.

  1. Southern Africa's idigneous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years.

Great Zimbabwe

  1. The Shona people built a wealthy and powerful kingdom Called Zimbabwe.
  2. 20,000 people lived in the city.

The Mutapa Empire

  1. Shona conquered the region between the Zambezi and the Limpopo River.
  2. The Portuguese arrived and took over the Empire.

Other Kingdoms

  1. The Zulu leader Shaka united his people to make the Zulu Empire.
  2. French troops invaded the Kingdom of Madagascar and took over.

European Colonies

  1. Portugal and other European countries began establishing settlements along the African coast.

Clashes in South Africa

  1. The Africans did not like the dutch pushing into their land and soon they started fighting over it.

The Union of South Africa

  1. Britain allowed the Boers colonies to join the Cape Colony in forming an independent country.

Colonialism in Other Areas

  1. Britain gained control over what is now Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
Which European country claimed the most land in Southern African.
Britain

Independence and Equal Rights

  1. French rule ended in Madagascar, making it the first country to gain independence.

The End of Portuguese Rule

  1. Mozambique's long civil war ended when a peace agreement was reached.

The Birth of Zimbabwe

  1. After granting Malawi and Zambia independence, Britain prepared to free neighboring Zimbabwe.

Equal Rights in South Africa

  1. English South Africans controlled the government until the end of World War 2.
  2. The new government leaders began enacting laws that created a system called apartheid.
  3. In 1995 the new government created a truth and reconciliation commission.

Life In South Africa

  1. The population of Southern Africa is overwhelmingly black Africans.

Population Patterns

  1. Southern Africa's countries vary widely in population.
  2. Fewer than 2 million live in the small countries of Lesotho and Swaziland.
  3. South Africa which surrounds them has the highest population of about 49 million.

Ethnic and Culture Groups

  1. Southern Africa is home to many ethnic and culture groups.
  2. One group the Shona make up of over 80% of the population.
  3. About 4 million Tswana form the major population group in Botswana.

Religion and Languages

  1. In almost every country most of the people are christian.
  2. In Angola, however nearly half the population continues their traditional and religious tributes.
What is the main religion practiced in Southern Africa?
Christianity

Life in Southern Africa

  1. As in other other regions in of Africa, life differs from city to countryside.

Urban Life

  1. Although most people in the region of Southern Africa live in the countryside, Migration to cities grows because of job opportunities.

Urban Growth and Change

  1. The rapid growth of some cities has strained public utilities.
  2. The regions cities have a mix of ethnic groups and cultures.
  3. Johannesburg's role as a mining, manufacturing and financial center has attracted people from around the world.

Family and Traditional life

  1. People who move to the cities must adjust to new experiences.
  2. In the countrysides traditional ways of life remain strong.
Where in their countries do most South Africans live.
The Countryside

South Africa Today

  1. Southern Africa's wealth of mineral, wildlife, and other resources may be the key to its future.

Health Issues

  1. In most countries people do not live beyond age 50 to 55.

Disease

  1. Malaria, a tropical disease carried by mosquitoes, is a problem.
  2. Southern Africa has some of the highest rates of infant death in the world.
  3. A major cause of death in children and adults is HIV/AIDS.
  1. Tourism at national parks has grown with the establishment of stable, democratic government.
  2. Only Zimbabwe, and Swaziland continue to suffer economic decline and political unrest.
  1. The United States has used economic aid to strengthen democracy in Southern Africa.
  2. Other countries and international organization's have also made huge investments in the region.
Why is life expectancy in Southern Africa so low.
Because of poverty And disease.

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