The origin of the word
The term ‘Bollywood’ is a mix between the initial of Bombay (become today Mumbai) and Hollywood which is the American cinema (The West).
As Hollywood, Bollywood is a term used to indicate the cinematographic industry of India. Films are realized in 2 different languages: in Hindî and in Urdu. It is one of the largest global film industries and center of film production because more than 1000 films are produced each year, a lot of people are employed to work hard and a lot of people come to see movies, more than in Hollywood.
Today, Bollywood is very famous in India and well known in The West because movies are very specific. Indeed, scenario is often the same thing: a melodramatic love story, some dance and music.
The music: as in the musicals, some scenes of the film are sung. It is often to express taboo subjects in their traditions like sexuality or sensuality for example.
The dance: The dance in movies is essential in Bollywood. Other dancers accompany the principal character to build a choreography and to give pep and energy to the film. Over the years, dances evolved. Indeed, we have gone from the dance of courtesan or the folk dance in much more modern and more western dances.
The humor: it is a compulsory element in movies of Bollywood. Indeed, the self-depreciation is often practiced, actors use also comic texts, comic gestures and dances not to make too serious and this can be stayed just of cinema.
Bollywood films are also specific in the time because one film lasts on average between 3 and a half hour and 4 hours. It is very long for us but for them it is normal, there is always one break in the middle of the film.
All of these characteristics make Bollywood very famous in the world.